Hepatitis C Genotypes - Topic Overview
Six major strains (genotypes) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause infection. You may be infected with more than one genotype at a time.Genotype 1 is the most common strain in the United States.Genotypes 1, 2, and 3 are found worldwide.Genotype 4 is found throughout northern Africa.Genotype 5 commonly is found in South Africa.Genotype 6 is common in Asia.Genotype testing is done with a blood test.How genotype affects treatmentAlthough genotype tests are not used to diagnose HCV infection, they may be done before treatment begins. Knowing the genotype may help a doctor choose the best treatment plan. You should know your genotype before treatment starts.Antiviral medicines are more likely to work for people who have genotype 2 or 3. If blood tests show that you have responded to antiviral therapy (the virus is not detected in your blood) after 6 months, treatment may be:Continued for another 6 months, if you are infected with genotype 1.Stopped, if you are infected with genotype 2 or
Hepatitis B and C: Risk of Liver Cancer - Topic Overview
People who are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) virus may develop a chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis. The damage that results increases the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). The risk of liver cancer may be as high as 200 times greater for people who have chronic HBV or HCV infection than for the general population. 1 If you have chronic HBV ...
Fulminant Hepatitis - Topic Overview
People who have fulminant hepatitis typically develop the symptoms seen in viral hepatitis and then rapidly (within hours,days,or occasionally weeks) develop severe,often life-threatening liver failure. Symptoms of severe liver failure include confusion,extreme irritability,altered consciousness (usually leading to unconsciousness or coma),blood-clotting defects,and buildup of fluid in ...
Combination Vaccine for Hepatitis A and B
Drug details for Combination vaccine for hepatitis A and B.
Interferons for Chronic Hepatitis B
Drug details for Interferons for chronic hepatitis B.
When Hepatitis C Worsens
A look at the complications that can develop in the later stages of hepatitis C.
Foods and Drugs to Avoid if You Have Hepatitis C
A look at what foods and drugs you should avoid if you have hepatitis C, including common painkillers and alcoholic drinks.
How Does Hepatitis C Affect Your Liver?
A look at the symptoms of hepatitis C, including symptoms of liver complications such as cirrhosis.
Hepatitis A Symptoms
WebMD describes the symptoms of hepatitis A, a viral infection of the liver that you can make you feel like you have the flu.
Protecting Others From Hepatitis C
WebMD explains how hepatitis C is passed and what to do to protect loved ones from contracting the disease.