Hepatitis C Guide - Exams and Tests
Learn about exams and tests for hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C Guide - Surgery
If chronic hepatitis C damages your liver so severely that it no longer works well, you may need a liver transplant to extend your life.
Hepatitis C Guide - Prevention
There is no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C, but you can reduce your risk of becoming infected if:You do not share needles to inject drugs. If you are injecting drugs, the best way to protect yourself is by not sharing needles or other equipment (such as c
Combination Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C
Drug details for Combination antiviral therapy for hepatitis C.
Physical Exam for Hepatitis C - Topic Overview
Your doctor will do a physical exam to look for signs of hepatitis C infection. The exam will include:Taking your temperature to see whether you have a fever.Feeling the upper part of your belly to see whether your liver or spleen is enlarged.Feeling the glands in your neck, under your arms, and in your groin to see whether they are swollen.Your doctor also may check for the following signs of advanced liver disease:Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)Appearance of clusters of blood vessels just below the skin that look like tiny red spiders. These usually appear on the chest and shoulders.Redness on the palms of the hands caused by expansion of small blood vessels Fluid in the bellySwelling of the legs and feet Varicose veins spreading out from the navel
Hepatitis C Genotypes - Topic Overview
Six major strains (genotypes) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause infection. You may be infected with more than one genotype at a time.Genotype 1 is the most common strain in the United States.Genotypes 1, 2, and 3 are found worldwide.Genotype 4 is found throughout northern Africa.Genotype 5 commonly is found in South Africa.Genotype 6 is common in Asia.Genotype testing is done with a blood test.How genotype affects treatmentAlthough genotype tests are not used to diagnose HCV infection, they may be done before treatment begins. Knowing the genotype may help a doctor choose the best treatment plan. You should know your genotype before treatment starts.Antiviral medicines are more likely to work for people who have genotype 2 or 3. If blood tests show that you have responded to antiviral therapy (the virus is not detected in your blood) after 6 months, treatment may be:Continued for another 6 months, if you are infected with genotype 1.Stopped, if you are infected with genotype 2 or
Protease Inhibitors (PIs) for Hepatitis C
Drug details for Protease Inhibitors (PIs) for Hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C: Your Risk for Cirrhosis - Topic Overview
Up to 85% of people who are infected with the hepatitis C virus will develop long-term (chronic) infection.1 About 25% of people who have chronic hepatitis C will go on to develop cirrhosis—severe liver damage and scarring—after a period of about 20 years or more.2Certain factors may affect how quickly problems such as cirrhosis or liver cancer develop.The way cirrhosis develops depends on:3How much liver damage you had when you were diagnosed and how long you have had the infection. The amount of liver damage you have compared with how long you have had hepatitis C can help determine how likely it is that you will develop cirrhosis.Your age when you were infected. People who are older than 40 when they become infected may develop cirrhosis more quickly. How much alcohol you drink. People who drink too much alcohol (heavy drinking) can develop cirrhosis much more quickly than people with who do not drink or who drink very little alcohol.Your gender. Men may develop cirrhosis more
Hepatitis C Home Test - Topic Overview
You may prefer to find out on your own whether you have been infected with the hepatitis C virus.You can buy a home test called a Home Access Hepatitis C Check kit, which you can find in most drugstores. The kit contains a sharp instrument (lancet) that you use to draw a small amount of blood from your fingertip.You place the sample on a piece of collection paper and mail it in a prepaid envelope to a lab for testing. After 10 days, you can call a toll-free number and receive your results using your confidential identification number. If the test shows you have hepatitis C, it is important to make an appointment with your doctor to discuss the results. The home test only looks for hepatitis C antibodies, which indicate that you have been exposed to the virus in the past. The test does not tell you if you currently have an infection. Your doctor can order another test that looks for hepatitis C virus RNA. This test can tell if you have an active infection now. Additional testing can
Liver Function Tests
These blood tests are used to determine whether your liver is damaged or inflamed. Although these tests help your doctor evaluate how well your liver is working, they do not confirm hepatitis C.Tests that assess liver functionYour doctor may do tests to measure your levels of certain chemicals produced by the liver. These tests can help your doctor know how well your liver is working. Tests may ..