It regulates the composition of blood, including
the amounts of sugar (glucose), protein, and fat that enter the
It removes bilirubin, ammonia, and other toxins from
the blood. (Bilirubin is a by-product of the breakdown of
hemoglobin from red blood cells.)
processes most of the nutrients absorbed by the intestines during digestion and
converts those nutrients into forms that can be used by the body. The liver
also stores some nutrients, such as vitamin A, iron, and other
It produces cholesterol
and certain important proteins, such as albumin.
clotting factors, chemicals needed to help blood clot.
down (metabolizes) alcohol and many drugs.
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this