HIV does not survive well outside the
body. HIVcannot be spread from one person to another in
any of the following ways:
In studies of hundreds of households
in which families have lived with and cared for people who have AIDS, including
situations in which no one knew that the person was HIV-infected, HIV was
spread only when there was sexual contact or needle-sharing with the infected
person or contact with the infected person's blood.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) attacks the body's white blood cells -- specifically a subset called CD4 or helper T cells. This attack allows opportunistic infections to take advantage of a weakened immune system, and can lead to illnesses, cancers, or neurological problems. If you have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection, your HIV infection may have progressed to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). But with careful monitoring, self-care, and treatment, you can prevent many...
Because HIV is
not spread in such settings where exposures are repeated and prolonged and can
involve contact with an infected person's body fluids, it is therefore even
less likely to be spread in other casual social settings, such as schools and
Saliva, sweat, tears, urine, or feces
HIV cannot be
spread by sharing drinking glasses or by casual kissing. The risk of spreading
the virus through "deep" kissing in which large amounts of saliva are exchanged
is extremely low. Only one unproven case has ever been reported.
No cases of HIV spread have ever been reported after a person has come in
contact with the sweat, tears, urine, or feces of an HIV-infected