HIV does not survive well outside the
body. HIVcannot be spread from one person to another in
any of the following ways:
In studies of hundreds of households
in which families have lived with and cared for people who have AIDS, including
situations in which no one knew that the person was HIV-infected, HIV was
spread only when there was sexual contact or needle-sharing with the infected
person or contact with the infected person's blood.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes virus. It is very common, infecting up to 80% of people in the U.S. by age 40. Normally, it hides out in the body. This is not a problem for most people because a healthy immune system can easily control it. However, it can cause severe disease in people with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It's able to take advantage of a weakened immune system, which is why it's called an opportunistic infection. The most common illness CMV causes is retinitis, an eye infection...
Because HIV is
not spread in such settings where exposures are repeated and prolonged and can
involve contact with an infected person's body fluids, it is therefore even
less likely to be spread in other casual social settings, such as schools and
Saliva, sweat, tears, urine, or feces
HIV cannot be
spread by sharing drinking glasses or by casual kissing. The risk of spreading
the virus through "deep" kissing in which large amounts of saliva are exchanged
is extremely low. Only one unproven case has ever been reported.
No cases of HIV spread have ever been reported after a person has come in
contact with the sweat, tears, urine, or feces of an HIV-infected