About 2 of every 3 people with HIV or AIDS develop eye problems. Some are mild, while others are severe enough to cause blindness. Among the most common are infections, which can lead to bleeding in the retina (the tissue at the back of the eye that reflects light) and detachment of the retina.
You may not notice any symptoms until the problems are advanced so it's important to have regular eye exams. Contact your doctor right away if you notice any changes in your vision, like seeing spots, watery or red eyes, being sensitive to light, or eye pain.
HIV and Your Heart
A body with HIV is in a state of almost constant inflammation as it tries to fight the infection. Inflammation has been linked to heart disease.
Drugs you take for HIV can also raise your risk of heart disease. And some HIV drugs cause insulin resistance, raising your chances for diabetes, and problems breaking down fats.
You can cut your chance of heart-related problems by doing the following:
If you smoke, quit.
Eat a healthy diet that includes a variety of vegetables and fruits, plenty of whole grains, and omega-3 fatty acids. Choose lean cuts of meat and low-fat dairy products.
Get at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise a week.
Keep a healthy weight. If you are carrying extra weight, losing as little as 5%-10% can have big health benefits.
Many people with HIV also have some form of hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver. HIV, if untreated, can raise your chances of having liver problems. Some HIV medications also have liver-damaging side effects.
Keep a close watch on your liver with regular tests.
Other ways to help your liver: Avoid alcohol, don't use recreational drugs, don’t eat extra carbs and fats, and eat fewer calories if you carry extra weight.