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HIV & AIDS Health Center

Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

  1. HIV and Fatigue - Topic Overview

    Feeling tired is common if you have HIV,especially if you have had the virus for many years. Being severely tired can affect your ability to work,take care of yourself,and enjoy your life. There can be many reasons why you are tired. It is important that you and your health professional try to find the cause. Many of the things that cause fatigue can be treated,and you may feel better. ...

  2. HIV & AIDS Guide - Topic Overview

    A person who has HIV has difficulty fighting off other infections. You can help protect the person from infections. Avoid close contact with people who have contagious illnesses until their symptoms have disappeared. This includes illnesses such as colds,the flu,or stomach flu. If you have a cold or flu,wear a surgical-type mask and wash your hands before approaching or touching the ...

  3. HIV Viral Load - Topic Overview

    Viral load is a measurement of how much HIV is present in your blood. A sample of blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. Results are expressed as the number of copies of the virus per milliliter of blood. Each virus is called a "copy" because HIV reproduces by making copies of itself (replicating). The viral load test gives a more accurate picture of what the virus is doing in your ...

  4. Opportunistic Infections in HIV - Topic Overview

    Opportunistic infections and diseases occur in people whose immune systems have been weakened. They usually do not occur in people who have healthy immune systems. When the immune system is weakened by a disease such as HIV infection,opportunistic diseases may cause serious,even life-threatening,illnesses. Opportunistic infections that are common in people who have AIDS include: ...

  5. HIV and Exercise - Topic Overview

    Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...

  6. Self-Care for AIDS Caregivers - Topic Overview

    Providing support for a person who has AIDS can be a stressful and emotional experience. You may feel frustrated watching a person become sick despite your efforts. To help manage feelings of frustration,share your feelings with others,including other caregivers,counselors,clergy,or health professionals. Call your local AIDS service organization for support. Remember that you are not ...

  7. HIV: Tips for Caregivers to Avoid Infection - Topic Overview

    HIV is present in the blood,semen,and vaginal fluids of a person who is infected with HIV and is usually spread by: Unprotected sex (vaginal,anal,or oral) with a person who is infected with HIV. Using condoms is the only way to prevent getting or spreading HIV during sexual contact. Other forms of birth control do not protect against HIV. Using a needle or syringe that has previously been ...

  8. Counseling for HIV Infection

    During psychotherapy, a qualified counselor helps you cope with or change your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors regarding HIV infection. Your family and caregivers may also benefit from psychotherapy.Psychotherapy is usually short - term (8 to 20 visits) but may take months or years.You may seek short - term therapy more than once as the HIV infection progresses.Sessions may be individual or as pa

  9. Resistance to HIV Medicines - Topic Overview

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines,which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens,the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system. If you start taking antiretroviral medicines early in the ...

  10. HIV: Risks of Sexual Contact - Topic Overview

    During vaginal,oral,or anal sex,the receiving partner has the higher risk of contracting HIV. Men who allow other men to perform anal sex on them have the highest risk. The inserting male partner has a lower risk,but the risk increases if he is uncircumcised. Women who have vaginal or anal sex with infected men are also in danger. The risk decreases with the use of condoms. HIV can be ...

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