HIV Viral Load - Topic Overview
Viral load is a measurement of how much HIV is present in your blood. A sample of blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. Results are expressed as the number of copies of the virus per milliliter of blood. Each virus is called a "copy" because HIV reproduces by making copies of itself (replicating). The viral load test gives a more accurate picture of what the virus is doing in your ...
HIV Symptoms in Children - Topic Overview
HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...
HIV: Risks of Sexual Contact - Topic Overview
During vaginal,oral,or anal sex,the receiving partner has the higher risk of contracting HIV. Men who allow other men to perform anal sex on them have the highest risk. The inserting male partner has a lower risk,but the risk increases if he is uncircumcised. Women who have vaginal or anal sex with infected men are also in danger. The risk decreases with the use of condoms. HIV can be ...
HIV: Stages of Infection - Topic Overview
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classify HIV infection into four stages. 1 Stages of HIV infection Stage 1 : There are no AIDS -related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is greater than 500 or the percent of CD4+ cells is at least 29% of all lymphocytes. Stage 2 : There are no AIDS-related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is 200 to 499 or the percent of CD4+ cells ...
Resistance to HIV Medicines - Topic Overview
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines,which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens,the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system. If you start taking antiretroviral medicines early in the ...
Counseling for HIV Infection
During psychotherapy, a qualified counselor helps you cope with or change your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors regarding HIV infection. Your family and caregivers may also benefit from psychotherapy.Psychotherapy is usually short - term (8 to 20 visits) but may take months or years.You may seek short - term therapy more than once as the HIV infection progresses.Sessions may be individual or as pa
HIV and Exercise - Topic Overview
Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...
HIV Testing: Should I Get Tested for Human Immunodeficiency Virus?
Your options Have a blood or saliva test for HIV. Do not have the test. If you believe you've been exposed to HIV,it's important to be tested. Key points to remember Health experts recommend having a screening test for HIV if you have a high risk for infection. HIV tests are also recommended for all pregnant women. Some experts,including the CDC,recommend screening for everyone. You may ...
There is no surgical treatment for HIV.What to Think AboutPeople with HIV may need surgery for other conditions. You can have surgery if you are HIV - positive.
Should I start antiretroviral medicines for HIV infection even though I have no symptoms?
Treatment of HIV infection without symptoms (asymptomatic) with three or more antiretroviral medicines (combination therapy,or highly active antiretroviral therapy [HAART]) is based on: 1 Your general health. Your CD4+ counts. Your willingness and ability to take your medicines as prescribed. Following your antiretroviral therapy schedule is essential for successful treatment of your HIV ...