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HIV & AIDS Health Center

Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

  1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    HIV is present in the blood,semen,and vaginal fluids of a person who is infected with HIV and is usually spread by: Unprotected sex (vaginal,anal,or oral) with a person who is infected with HIV. Using condoms is the only way to prevent getting or spreading HIV during sexual contact. Other forms of birth control do not protect against HIV. Using a needle or syringe that has previously been ...

  2. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...

  3. Medical History and Physical Exam for HIV Infection

    When you are first diagnosed with HIV, your health professional will check your current health status. He or she will ask questions about your current symptoms and past health to determine whether you have had any HIV - related illnesses, whether you have medication allergies, whether your immunizations are up to date, and whether you have ever been hospitalized for illness or surgery.Many of the

  4. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

  5. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    CD4+ cells are part of the immune system and are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells protect the body against infection. CD4+ cells are also called T-lymphocytes,T-cells,or T-helper cells. HIV invades and destroys CD4+ cells. But the body continues to produce new CD4+ cells to fight the HIV infection. If the infection is not treated with medications,the body gradually loses the ...

  6. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classify HIV infection into four stages. 1 Stages of HIV infection Stage 1 : There are no AIDS -related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is greater than 500 or the percent of CD4+ cells is at least 29% of all lymphocytes. Stage 2 : There are no AIDS-related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is 200 to 499 or the percent of CD4+ cells ...

  7. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...

  8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    A few people with HIV are described as nonprogressors. These people have HIV that does not progress to more severe symptoms or disease, but they can still spread HIV. Most nonprogressors:Have lived with the infection for 10 to 15 years and remained healthy. Do not have declining CD4+ cell counts.Have a very low level of HIV in their blood.A small number of people never become infected with HIV despite years of exposure to the virus. For example, they may have repeated, unprotected sex with an infected person. These people are said to be HIV-resistant. These people are never infected, so they can't spread HIV.Studies are under way to determine why some people either don't become infected with HIV or, if they do, why they don't develop symptoms or lose CD4+ cells. Research has shown that:Some people's CD4+ cells are relatively resistant to HIV. If HIV cannot attach itself to CD4+ cells, it cannot destroy them.Some people's immune systems may be better able to destroy the virus.Some

  9. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Feeling tired is common if you have HIV,especially if you have had the virus for many years. Being severely tired can affect your ability to work,take care of yourself,and enjoy your life. There can be many reasons why you are tired. It is important that you and your health professional try to find the cause. Many of the things that cause fatigue can be treated,and you may feel better. ...

  10. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...

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