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HIV & AIDS Health Center

Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

  1. Self-Care for AIDS Caregivers - Topic Overview

    Providing support for a person who has AIDS can be a stressful and emotional experience. You may feel frustrated watching a person become sick despite your efforts. To help manage feelings of frustration,share your feelings with others,including other caregivers,counselors,clergy,or health professionals. Call your local AIDS service organization for support. Remember that you are not ...

  2. HIV Viral Load - Topic Overview

    Viral load is a measurement of how much HIV is present in your blood. A sample of blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. Results are expressed as the number of copies of the virus per milliliter of blood. Each virus is called a "copy" because HIV reproduces by making copies of itself (replicating). The viral load test gives a more accurate picture of what the virus is doing in your ...

  3. HIV: Preventing Infections - Topic Overview

    Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your

  4. CD4+ Cells - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

  5. HIV-2 - Topic Overview

    HIV-1 is the virus that causes almost all the cases of AIDS worldwide. A related virus,HIV-2,was first isolated in people in West Africa in 1986. Some people who are infected with HIV-2 appear to have an AIDS-like illness,but most do not have symptoms. You should be tested for HIV-2 infection if you: Are from West Africa and practice high-risk behaviors,such as having more than one sex ...

  6. HIV Home Care - Topic Overview

    If a person's HIV infection progresses,you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge,skills,and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter,Visiting Nurse Association,or AIDS service agency to find out about home care training offered in your area. When possible,get to know the person's doctor,...

  7. HIV: Risks of Sexual Contact - Topic Overview

    During vaginal,oral,or anal sex,the receiving partner has the higher risk of contracting HIV. Men who allow other men to perform anal sex on them have the highest risk. The inserting male partner has a lower risk,but the risk increases if he is uncircumcised. Women who have vaginal or anal sex with infected men are also in danger. The risk decreases with the use of condoms. HIV can be ...

  8. CD4+ Cells - Topic Overview

    CD4+ cells are part of the immune system and are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells protect the body against infection. CD4+ cells are also called T-lymphocytes,T-cells,or T-helper cells. HIV invades and destroys CD4+ cells. But the body continues to produce new CD4+ cells to fight the HIV infection. If the infection is not treated with medications,the body gradually loses the ...

  9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test

    A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).

  10. HIV and Cytomegalovirus - Topic Overview

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

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