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    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

    1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines,which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens,the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system. If you start taking antiretroviral medicines early in the ...

    2. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test

      A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).

    3. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      HIV is present in the blood,semen,and vaginal fluids of a person who is infected with HIV and is usually spread by: Unprotected sex (vaginal,anal,or oral) with a person who is infected with HIV. Using condoms is the only way to prevent getting or spreading HIV during sexual contact. Other forms of birth control do not protect against HIV. Using a needle or syringe that has previously been ...

    4. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

    5. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...

    6. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      HIV-1 is the virus that causes almost all the cases of AIDS worldwide. A related virus,HIV-2,was first isolated in people in West Africa in 1986. Some people who are infected with HIV-2 appear to have an AIDS-like illness,but most do not have symptoms. You should be tested for HIV-2 infection if you: Are from West Africa and practice high-risk behaviors,such as having more than one sex ...

    7. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      It is important to think about the emotional well-being of the person with HIV you care for. Because every person's emotional needs are different,no single approach is best for everybody. Encourage the person to become involved in medical decisions that affect his or her care and daily schedules. Being involved will provide a sense of control and independence. Don't avoid the person. Like ...

    8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

    9. Counseling for HIV Infection

      During psychotherapy, a qualified counselor helps you cope with or change your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors regarding HIV infection. Your family and caregivers may also benefit from psychotherapy.Psychotherapy is usually short - term (8 to 20 visits) but may take months or years.You may seek short - term therapy more than once as the HIV infection progresses.Sessions may be individual or as pa

    10. Medical History and Physical Exam for HIV Infection

      When you are first diagnosed with HIV, your health professional will check your current health status. He or she will ask questions about your current symptoms and past health to determine whether you have had any HIV - related illnesses, whether you have medication allergies, whether your immunizations are up to date, and whether you have ever been hospitalized for illness or surgery.Many of the

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