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HIV & AIDS Health Center

Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

  1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Providing support for a person who has AIDS can be a stressful and emotional experience. You may feel frustrated watching a person become sick despite your efforts. To help manage feelings of frustration,share your feelings with others,including other caregivers,counselors,clergy,or health professionals. Call your local AIDS service organization for support. Remember that you are not ...

  2. HIV and Weight Loss - Topic Overview

    Weight loss in people with HIV has many possible causes. If you lose weight fast,it may be because you have another infection along with HIV. This type of illness is called an opportunistic infection. Gradual weight loss may be due to problems with nutrition. You may lose weight if you cannot eat enough food or if your body cannot absorb all the nutrients from the food you eat. Pain in your ...

  3. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

  4. Counseling for HIV Infection

    During psychotherapy, a qualified counselor helps you cope with or change your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors regarding HIV infection. Your family and caregivers may also benefit from psychotherapy.Psychotherapy is usually short - term (8 to 20 visits) but may take months or years.You may seek short - term therapy more than once as the HIV infection progresses.Sessions may be individual or as pa

  5. HIV and Weight Loss - Topic Overview

    Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...

  6. Medical History and Physical Exam for HIV Infection

    When you are first diagnosed with HIV, your health professional will check your current health status. He or she will ask questions about your current symptoms and past health to determine whether you have had any HIV - related illnesses, whether you have medication allergies, whether your immunizations are up to date, and whether you have ever been hospitalized for illness or surgery.Many of the

  7. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Pneumocystis is a fungus that can sometimes cause pneumonia in people who have AIDS.Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia can make it hard to breathe and to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream. Symptoms often begin suddenly and may be similar to those of an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold. Common symptoms of pneumonia include:Fever of 100°F (38°C) to 106°F (41°C).Shaking chills.Cough that often produces colored mucus (sputum) from the lungs. Sputum may be rust-colored or green or tinged with blood. Older adults may have only a slight cough and no sputum.Rapid, often shallow breathing.Chest wall pain, often made worse by coughing or deep breathing.Fatigue and feelings of weakness (malaise).Your doctor may suggest an HIV test if you have not been diagnosed with HIV and Pneumocystis pneumonia is:Suspected on a chest X-ray.Detected in a test that evaluates sputum (thick fluid produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs).If you

  8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    During vaginal,oral,or anal sex,the receiving partner has the higher risk of contracting HIV. Men who allow other men to perform anal sex on them have the highest risk. The inserting male partner has a lower risk,but the risk increases if he is uncircumcised. Women who have vaginal or anal sex with infected men are also in danger. The risk decreases with the use of condoms. HIV can be ...

  9. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

    Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...

  10. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

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