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HIV & AIDS Health Center

Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

  1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    CD4+ cells are part of the immune system and are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells protect the body against infection. CD4+ cells are also called T-lymphocytes,T-cells,or T-helper cells. HIV invades and destroys CD4+ cells. But the body continues to produce new CD4+ cells to fight the HIV infection. If the infection is not treated with medications,the body gradually loses the ...

  2. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    If a person's HIV infection progresses,you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge,skills,and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter,Visiting Nurse Association,or AIDS service agency to find out about home care training offered in your area. When possible,get to know the person's doctor,...

  3. HIV: Preventing Infections - Topic Overview

    Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your

  4. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

  5. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...

  6. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Viral load is a measurement of how much HIV is present in your blood. A sample of blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. Results are expressed as the number of copies of the virus per milliliter of blood. Each virus is called a "copy" because HIV reproduces by making copies of itself (replicating). The viral load test gives a more accurate picture of what the virus is doing in your ...

  7. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?

  8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    It is important to think about the emotional well-being of the person with HIV you care for. Because every person's emotional needs are different,no single approach is best for everybody. Encourage the person to become involved in medical decisions that affect his or her care and daily schedules. Being involved will provide a sense of control and independence. Don't avoid the person. Like ...

  9. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines,which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens,the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system. If you start taking antiretroviral medicines early in the ...

  10. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

    Opportunistic infections and diseases occur in people whose immune systems have been weakened. They usually do not occur in people who have healthy immune systems. When the immune system is weakened by a disease such as HIV infection,opportunistic diseases may cause serious,even life-threatening,illnesses. Opportunistic infections that are common in people who have AIDS include: ...

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