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    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

    1. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs

    2. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...

    3. Counseling for HIV Infection

      During psychotherapy, a qualified counselor helps you cope with or change your thoughts, feelings, or behaviors regarding HIV infection. Your family and caregivers may also benefit from psychotherapy.Psychotherapy is usually short - term (8 to 20 visits) but may take months or years.You may seek short - term therapy more than once as the HIV infection progresses.Sessions may be individual or as pa

    4. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      During vaginal,oral,or anal sex,the receiving partner has the higher risk of contracting HIV. Men who allow other men to perform anal sex on them have the highest risk. The inserting male partner has a lower risk,but the risk increases if he is uncircumcised. Women who have vaginal or anal sex with infected men are also in danger. The risk decreases with the use of condoms. HIV can be ...

    5. HIV and Exercise - Topic Overview

      Feeling tired is common if you have HIV,especially if you have had the virus for many years. Being severely tired can affect your ability to work,take care of yourself,and enjoy your life. There can be many reasons why you are tired. It is important that you and your health professional try to find the cause. Many of the things that cause fatigue can be treated,and you may feel better. ...

    6. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      It is important to think about the emotional well-being of the person with HIV you care for. Because every person's emotional needs are different,no single approach is best for everybody. Encourage the person to become involved in medical decisions that affect his or her care and daily schedules. Being involved will provide a sense of control and independence. Don't avoid the person. Like ...

    7. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test

      A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).

    8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

    9. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      CD4+ cells are part of the immune system and are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells protect the body against infection. CD4+ cells are also called T-lymphocytes,T-cells,or T-helper cells. HIV invades and destroys CD4+ cells. But the body continues to produce new CD4+ cells to fight the HIV infection. If the infection is not treated with medications,the body gradually loses the ...

    10. Medical History and Physical Exam for HIV Infection

      When you are first diagnosed with HIV, your health professional will check your current health status. He or she will ask questions about your current symptoms and past health to determine whether you have had any HIV - related illnesses, whether you have medication allergies, whether your immunizations are up to date, and whether you have ever been hospitalized for illness or surgery.Many of the

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