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    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

    1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      CD4+ cells are part of the immune system and are a type of white blood cell. White blood cells protect the body against infection. CD4+ cells are also called T-lymphocytes,T-cells,or T-helper cells. HIV invades and destroys CD4+ cells. But the body continues to produce new CD4+ cells to fight the HIV infection. If the infection is not treated with medications,the body gradually loses the ...

    2. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...

    3. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classify HIV infection into four stages. 1 Stages of HIV infection Stage 1 : There are no AIDS -related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is greater than 500 or the percent of CD4+ cells is at least 29% of all lymphocytes. Stage 2 : There are no AIDS-related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is 200 to 499 or the percent of CD4+ cells ...

    4. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

    5. HIV: Preventing Infections - Topic Overview

      Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your

    6. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      If a person's HIV infection progresses,you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge,skills,and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter,Visiting Nurse Association,or AIDS service agency to find out about home care training offered in your area. When possible,get to know the person's doctor,...

    7. HIV and Exercise - Topic Overview

      Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...

    8. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...

    9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test

      A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).

    10. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?

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