HIV: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) - Topic Overview
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is the combination of several antiretroviral medicines used to slow the rate at which HIV makes copies of itself (multiplies) in the body. A combination of three or more antiretroviral medicines is more effective than using just one medicine (monotherapy) to treat HIV. The use of three or more antiretroviral medicines-sometimes referred to as an ...
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test
A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).
HIV: Preventing Infections - Topic Overview
Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your
HIV Screening - Topic Overview
Getting tested for HIV can be scary,but the condition is treatable. So it is important to get tested if you think you have been exposed. Early detection and monitoring of HIV will help your doctor find out whether the disease is getting worse and when to start treatment. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone should get tested for HIV as part of ...
HIV & AIDS Guide - Topic Overview
What is HIV? HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system,the body’s natural defense system. Without a strong immune system,the body has trouble fighting off disease. Both the virus and the infection it causes are called HIV. White blood cells are an important part of the immune system. HIV invades and destroys certain white blood cells called CD4+ cells. If ...
Treating Tuberculosis in People With HIV - Topic Overview
Treatment for people with tuberculosis (TB) who also have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is nearly the same as for people who don't have HIV. But there are some important differences,including: 1 Checking to make sure that the TB medicines are not changing the effectiveness of the medicines used to treat the HIV infection. Continuing treatment for longer than 6 months. Treatment may go on ...
Tuberculosis in People With HIV - Topic Overview
People who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk for developing a tuberculosis (TB) infection. Their risk for a TB infection doubles in the first year they developed the HIV infection. 1 If they have latent TB,which cannot be spread to others,they are at risk for the infection becoming an active disease,which can be spread to others. Active TB in ...
A CD4+ count is a blood test to determine how well the immune system is working in people who have been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs
Taking antiretroviral drugs for HIV will not cure your infection. However, it may allow you to remain healthy for a longer time.Your willingness and ability to follow your antiretroviral therapy schedule exactly as prescribed is essential for successful treatment of your HIV infection. Not following your prescribed HIV therapy may cause treatment failures, such as: Drug resistance.Higher viral ...
HIV and AIDS: Who Is Affected - Topic Overview
HIV and AIDS can affect anyone. Worldwide,an estimated 33 million people are living with HIV or AIDS. 1 In the United States,more than a million people are infected with HIV. 2 Many of these people do not know they are infected. Since the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became widespread in 1996,the incidence of AIDS has decreased. Factors responsible for the decline ...