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    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

    1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      If a person's HIV infection progresses,you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge,skills,and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter,Visiting Nurse Association,or AIDS service agency to find out about home care training offered in your area. When possible,get to know the person's doctor,...

    2. HIV: Preventing Infections - Topic Overview

      Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your

    3. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      Opportunistic infections and diseases occur in people whose immune systems have been weakened. They usually do not occur in people who have healthy immune systems. When the immune system is weakened by a disease such as HIV infection,opportunistic diseases may cause serious,even life-threatening,illnesses. Opportunistic infections that are common in people who have AIDS include: ...

    4. HIV and Exercise - Topic Overview

      Exercise cannot control the HIV infection. But exercise may help you feel better by reducing stress. Exercise may also help your immune system work better. Exercise: Is safe. Improves strength and endurance. Improves heart and lung fitness. May help you feel less tired or fatigued. Enhances your sense of well-being. May help stabilize or prevent declines in CD4+ cell counts. Start ...

    5. HIV and Fatigue - Topic Overview

      Pneumocystis is a fungus that can sometimes cause pneumonia in people who have AIDS.Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia can make it hard to breathe and to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream. Symptoms often begin suddenly and may be similar to those of an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold. Common symptoms of pneumonia include:Fever of 100°F (38°C) to 106°F (41°C).Shaking chills.Cough that often produces colored mucus (sputum) from the lungs. Sputum may be rust-colored or green or tinged with blood. Older adults may have only a slight cough and no sputum.Rapid, often shallow breathing.Chest wall pain, often made worse by coughing or deep breathing.Fatigue and feelings of weakness (malaise).Your doctor may suggest an HIV test if you have not been diagnosed with HIV and Pneumocystis pneumonia is:Suspected on a chest X-ray.Detected in a test that evaluates sputum (thick fluid produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs).If you

    6. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...

    7. HIV, AIDS, and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

      Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is also known as AIDS-related lymphoma, and is a cancer of white blood cells. Learn more.

    8. HIV Viral Load Testing

      Along with other tests, the HIV viral load test helps monitor your disease, guide treatment, and predict how your disease may progress.

    9. The Top 10 Myths and Misconceptions About HIV and AIDS

      This article corrects common myths about AIDS and HIV.

    10. HIV/AIDS Risk Factors

      An explanation of the HIV risk factors that can increase your chances of becoming infected with HIV -- the virus that leads to AIDS.

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