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    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to HIV & AIDS

    1. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...

    2. Medical History and Physical Exam for HIV Infection

      When you are first diagnosed with HIV, your health professional will check your current health status. He or she will ask questions about your current symptoms and past health to determine whether you have had any HIV - related illnesses, whether you have medication allergies, whether your immunizations are up to date, and whether you have ever been hospitalized for illness or surgery.Many of the

    3. HIV: Giving Support - Topic Overview

      Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...

    4. HIV: Giving Support - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. HIV: When Should I Start Taking Antiretroviral Medicines for HIV Infection?

    5. Pneumocystis Pneumonia and AIDS - Topic Overview

      Pneumocystis is a fungus that can sometimes cause pneumonia in people who have AIDS.Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia can make it hard to breathe and to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream. Symptoms often begin suddenly and may be similar to those of an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold. Common symptoms of pneumonia include:Fever of 100°F (38°C) to 106°F (41°C).Shaking chills.Cough that often produces colored mucus (sputum) from the lungs. Sputum may be rust-colored or green or tinged with blood. Older adults may have only a slight cough and no sputum.Rapid, often shallow breathing.Chest wall pain, often made worse by coughing or deep breathing.Fatigue and feelings of weakness (malaise).Your doctor may suggest an HIV test if you have not been diagnosed with HIV and Pneumocystis pneumonia is:Suspected on a chest X-ray.Detected in a test that evaluates sputum (thick fluid produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs).If you

    6. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Topic Overview

      Weight loss in people with HIV has many possible causes. If you lose weight fast,it may be because you have another infection along with HIV. This type of illness is called an opportunistic infection. Gradual weight loss may be due to problems with nutrition. You may lose weight if you cannot eat enough food or if your body cannot absorb all the nutrients from the food you eat. Pain in your ...

    7. HIV, AIDS, and Tuberculosis

      Learn more about the link between tuberculosis, HIV, and AIDS.

    8. HIV, AIDS, and Cytomegalovirus

      Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes virus that can severely affect those infected by HIV. Learn more.

    9. HIV Viral Load Testing

      Along with other tests, the HIV viral load test helps monitor your disease, guide treatment, and predict how your disease may progress.

    10. HIV, AIDS, and the CD4 Count

      CD4 cells or T-helper cells are a type of white blood cell that fights infection and their count indicates the stage of HIV or AIDS in a patient.

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