Viral Load Measurement
A viral load test measures how much human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is in the blood. Viral load is first measured when you are diagnosed with HIV infection.
HIV Treatment: Coping With Side Effects
How to cope with the short- and long-term side effects of HIV treatment.
HIV and Pregnancy - Topic Overview
The United States Preventive Services Task Force,United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,American Academy of Pediatrics,and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all pregnant women be screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This is because early detection and treatment are the key to preventing newborn HIV infection. 1 ...
AIDS, HIV, and Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP)
Pneumocystis pneumonia, or PCP, is a serious infection that often affects people with HIV and AIDS. Find out more.
Resistance to HIV Medicines - Topic Overview
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines,which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens,the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system. If you start taking antiretroviral medicines early in the ...
Pneumocystis Pneumonia and AIDS - Topic Overview
Pneumocystis is a fungus that can sometimes cause pneumonia in people who have AIDS.Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia can make it hard to breathe and to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream. Symptoms often begin suddenly and may be similar to those of an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold. Common symptoms of pneumonia include:Fever of 100°F (38°C) to 106°F (41°C).Shaking chills.Cough that often produces colored mucus (sputum) from the lungs. Sputum may be rust-colored or green or tinged with blood. Older adults may have only a slight cough and no sputum.Rapid, often shallow breathing.Chest wall pain, often made worse by coughing or deep breathing.Fatigue and feelings of weakness (malaise).Your doctor may suggest an HIV test if you have not been diagnosed with HIV and Pneumocystis pneumonia is:Suspected on a chest X-ray.Detected in a test that evaluates sputum (thick fluid produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs).If you
HIV Viral Load - Topic Overview
Viral load is a measurement of how much HIV is present in your blood. A sample of blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. Results are expressed as the number of copies of the virus per milliliter of blood. Each virus is called a "copy" because HIV reproduces by making copies of itself (replicating). The viral load test gives a more accurate picture of what the virus is doing in your ...
HIV Home Care - Topic Overview
If a person's HIV infection progresses,you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge,skills,and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter,Visiting Nurse Association,or AIDS service agency to find out about home care training offered in your area. When possible,get to know the person's doctor,...
HIV: Why Healthy Eating Matters - Topic Overview
Eating a nutritious,balanced diet is an important part of treating HIV. Good nutrition can help your immune system stay strong,which in turn may help your body fight HIV. Knowing the best way to nourish your body will help keep it strong and allow your HIV medications to work effectively. It is important to maintain lean muscle mass while fighting HIV. Maintaining a healthy weight can be a ...
HIV: Stages of Infection - Topic Overview
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classify HIV infection into four stages. 1 Stages of HIV infection Stage 1 : There are no AIDS -related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is greater than 500 or the percent of CD4+ cells is at least 29% of all lymphocytes. Stage 2 : There are no AIDS-related conditions AND the CD4+ cell count is 200 to 499 or the percent of CD4+ cells ...