Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection - Health Tools
Should I start antiretroviral drugs for HIV infection even though I have no symptoms?
HIV and Fatigue - Topic Overview
Feeling tired is common if you have HIV,especially if you have had the virus for many years. Being severely tired can affect your ability to work,take care of yourself,and enjoy your life. There can be many reasons why you are tired. It is important that you and your health professional try to find the cause. Many of the things that cause fatigue can be treated,and you may feel better. ...
Opportunistic Infections in HIV - Topic Overview
Opportunistic infections and diseases occur in people whose immune systems have been weakened. They usually do not occur in people who have healthy immune systems. When the immune system is weakened by a disease such as HIV infection,opportunistic diseases may cause serious,even life-threatening,illnesses. Opportunistic infections that are common in people who have AIDS include: ...
HIV Symptoms in Children - Topic Overview
HIV may be suspected in a child who has: Delays in growth or development. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Persistent yeast infection of the mouth ( thrush ). Recurrent bacterial infections. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,armpits,and groin. The symptoms of HIV can also be caused by other illnesses. ...
HIV and Weight Loss - Topic Overview
Weight loss in people with HIV has many possible causes. If you lose weight fast,it may be because you have another infection along with HIV. This type of illness is called an opportunistic infection. Gradual weight loss may be due to problems with nutrition. You may lose weight if you cannot eat enough food or if your body cannot absorb all the nutrients from the food you eat. Pain in your ...
HIV and Pregnancy - Topic Overview
The United States Preventive Services Task Force,United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,American Academy of Pediatrics,and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all pregnant women be screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This is because early detection and treatment are the key to preventing newborn HIV infection. 1 ...
HIV and Cytomegalovirus - Topic Overview
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever,chills,sore throat,swollen glands,body aches,and fatigue. In people who have AIDS,CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis),the esophagus (esophagitis),and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal. CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of ...
Viral Load Measurement
A viral load test measures how much human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is in the blood. Viral load is first measured when you are diagnosed with HIV infection.
HIV-2 - Topic Overview
HIV-1 is the virus that causes almost all the cases of AIDS worldwide. A related virus,HIV-2,was first isolated in people in West Africa in 1986. Some people who are infected with HIV-2 appear to have an AIDS-like illness,but most do not have symptoms. You should be tested for HIV-2 infection if you: Are from West Africa and practice high-risk behaviors,such as having more than one sex ...
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test
A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test detects antibodies to HIV in the blood. This determines whether an HIV infection is present (HIV - positive).