Protease Inhibitors (PIs) for HIV
Drug details for Protease inhibitors (PIs) for HIV.
Integrase Inhibitors for HIV
Integrase inhibitors are a class of HIV medication. They block an enzyme, integrase, that HIV uses to multiply.
HIV: Taking Antiretroviral Drugs
Taking antiretroviral drugs for HIV will not cure your infection. However, it may allow you to remain healthy for a longer time.Your willingness and ability to follow your antiretroviral therapy schedule exactly as prescribed is essential for successful treatment of your HIV infection. Not following your prescribed HIV therapy may cause treatment failures, such as: Drug resistance.Higher viral ...
Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs) for HIV
Drug details for Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) for HIV.
Viral Load Measurement
A viral load test measures how much human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is in the blood. Viral load is first measured when you are diagnosed with HIV infection.
HIV and AIDS: Who Is Affected - Topic Overview
HIV and AIDS can affect anyone. Worldwide,an estimated 33 million people are living with HIV or AIDS. 1 In the United States,more than a million people are infected with HIV. 2 Many of these people do not know they are infected. Since the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became widespread in 1996,the incidence of AIDS has decreased. Factors responsible for the decline ...
HIV Treatment: Coping With Side Effects
How to cope with the short- and long-term side effects of HIV treatment.
HIV and Pregnancy - Topic Overview
The United States Preventive Services Task Force,United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,American Academy of Pediatrics,and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all pregnant women be screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This is because early detection and treatment are the key to preventing newborn HIV infection. 1 ...
AIDS, HIV, and Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP)
Pneumocystis pneumonia, or PCP, is a serious infection that often affects people with HIV and AIDS. Find out more.
HIV: Nonprogressors and HIV-Resistant People - Topic Overview
A few people with HIV are described as nonprogressors. These people have HIV that does not progress to more severe symptoms or disease, but they can still spread HIV. Most nonprogressors:Have lived with the infection for 10 to 15 years and remained healthy. Do not have declining CD4+ cell counts.Have a very low level of HIV in their blood.A small number of people never become infected with HIV despite years of exposure to the virus. For example, they may have repeated, unprotected sex with an infected person. These people are said to be HIV-resistant. These people are never infected, so they can't spread HIV.Studies are under way to determine why some people either don't become infected with HIV or, if they do, why they don't develop symptoms or lose CD4+ cells. Research has shown that:Some people's CD4+ cells are relatively resistant to HIV. If HIV cannot attach itself to CD4+ cells, it cannot destroy them.Some people's immune systems may be better able to destroy the virus.Some