Blood vessel with HIV flowing through circulatory
1 / 10

Having HIV Means You Have AIDS

Myth. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that destroys the body's CD4 immune cells, which help fight disease. With the right medications, you can have HIV for years or decades without HIV progressing to AIDS. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is diagnosed when you have HIV as well as certain opportunistic infections or your CD4 cell count drops below 200.

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Young couple in cafe sharing drink through straws
2 / 10

It's Difficult to Get HIV From Casual Contact

Fact. You can't catch or spread HIV from hugging someone, using the same towel, or sharing the same glass. It's very rare to get HIV from a blood transfusion -- the U.S. blood supply is carefully tested. However, you can acquire the disease from having unprotected sex, sharing needles, or getting a tattoo from unsterilized equipment.

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Profile of a male doctor talking to a young woman
3 / 10

You Have Just a Few Years to Live

Myth. Because of the HIV drugs that are now available, the truth is that many people can live for decades with HIV and have a normal or near-normal life span. You can help prevent HIV from progressing to AIDS by seeing your doctor regularly, taking you medicines, and following your doctor's guidance.

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African American man checking temperature
4 / 10

You'll Know You Have HIV Because of Your Symptoms

Myth. Some people don't show any signs of HIV for years after being infected. However, many can have some symptoms within 10 days to a few weeks after infection. These first symptoms are similar to the flu or mononucleosis and may include fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, rash, and muscle aches. They usually disappear after a few weeks and you may not have symptoms again for several years. The only way to tell you have HIV is to get tested.

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Birthday celebrations for woman
5 / 10

HIV Can Be Cured

Myth. At this time, there is no cure for HIV in most cases, but treatment can keep virus levels low and help maintain your immune system. Some drugs interfere with proteins HIV needs to copy itself; others block the virus from entering or inserting its genetic material into your immune cells. All HIV-infected persons should take these medicines, which are given in combination and are called antiretroviral therapy.  Several one-pill-a day regimens are available. Your doctor will advise what combination of drugs is best for you.

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Walkers in AIDS Charity Walk
6 / 10

Anyone Can Get HIV

Fact. About 37,600 people in the U.S. get HIV each year, and more than 12,000 people with AIDS die each year. Anyone can get HIV -- men, women, and children, people who are gay or straight. Men who have sex with men make up about 26,3000 new HIV infections each year. Women account for about 7,400 new infections. African-Americans continue to experience the most severe burden of HIV, compared with other races and ethnicities.

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Woman with condom and hand of partner
7 / 10

Sex Is Safe When Both Partners Have HIV

Myth. Just because you and your partner both have HIV, doesn't mean you should forget about protection when having sex. Using a condom or other latex barrier can help protect you from other sexually transmitted diseases as well as other strains of HIV, which may be resistant to anti-HIV medication. Even if you are being treated and feel well you can still infect others.

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A young mother holds baby
8 / 10

You Can Have a Baby if You Are HIV-Positive

Fact. Infected mothers can indeed pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy or delivery. However, you can lower the risk by working with your doctor and getting the appropriate care and medication. Pregnant women with HIV can take medications to treat their infection and to help protect their babies against the virus.

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Mother watching her children in the water
9 / 10

You Can’t Avoid Other HIV-Related Infections

Myth. Due to weakened immune systems, people with HIV can be vulnerable to infections like pneumocystis pneumonia, tuberculosis, candidiasis, cytomegalovirus, and toxoplasmosis. The best way to reduce the risk is to take your HIV medications. For people with advanced HIV infection (AIDS), some of these infections can be prevented with specific drugs in addition to your antiretroviral therapy. You can lessen exposure to some germs by avoiding undercooked meat, litter boxes, and water that may be contaminated.

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Credit card in hand with prescription bottles
10 / 10

You Can't Get Lifesaving Drugs Without Insurance

Myth. There are government programs, nonprofit groups, and some pharmaceutical companies that may help cover of the cost of HIV/AIDS drugs. But be aware: These drug "cocktails" can cost $10,000 a year or more. Talk to your local HIV/AIDS service organization to learn about financial help.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 06/20/2017 Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan, MD on June 20, 2017

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

(1)    3D4Medical.com
(2)    Joos Mind
(3)    Rubberball
(4)    Andersen Ross
(5)    Joel Sartore
(6)    Simon Jarratt
(7)    Image Source
(8)    Jade and Bertrand Maitre
(9)    Ulf Huett Nilsson
(10)    Comstock

REFERENCES:

AIDS InfoNet web site.
AIDS.gov.
American Academy of Family Physicians web site.
American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Avert.org.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Gay Men's Health Crisis web site.
Gordon, E. Health and Wellness. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009.
Harrison, K. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Jan. 1, 2010.
HIV Positive Magazine.
Medical News Today.
MedPageToday.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
National Institutes of Health.
Planned Parenthood.
Reuters.
Schackman, B. Medical Care, November 2006.
The Body.
The New York Times.
U.S. Department of Health and Human.
World AIDS Day.
World Health Organization.

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan, MD on June 20, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.