For nearly 30 years, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) have been shrouded in many myths and misconceptions. In some cases, these mistaken ideas have prompted the very behaviors that cause more people to become HIV-positive. Although unanswered questions about HIV remain, researchers have learned a great deal. Here are the top ten myths about HIV, along with the facts to dispute them.
Anemia is a low level of red blood cells, which carry
oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. As a result, your body’s cells
do not get enough oxygen, and you feel tired and weak.
infections that can happen with HIV. These are called
opportunistic infections. HIV weakens your body’s
defense system, so it has a harder time fighting off illness.
Based on your symptoms and test results, you and your doctor can
make a plan for treatment. You may need a change in your medicines. If you are
anemic or have low hormone levels, your health professional can treat those
Exercise may boost your strength and give you more energy. If you
haven't been active at all, talk with your doctor about starting a walking or
weight-lifting program. Or find another activity that you like to do. Regular
exercise relieves stress. It also keeps your heart, lungs, and muscles strong
and helps you feel less tired. It also may help your immune system work
Make sure you are getting enough sleep. If you have trouble
sleeping, talk with your health professional.
If you are still tired after making changes, you may want to
"budget" your energy. Limit some activities to save up energy for those that
are important to you.
Avoid illegal drugs, which may cause fatigue or keep you from