Although your doctor may not offer an HIV test as part of your routine prenatal care,
it's a good idea to have one. If you have any risk factors for HIV infection,
your doctor may want to give you a second test later in your
If you're HIV-positive, nutrition and HIV is a subject you'll want to pay special attention to. That's because your body will undergo changes, both from medications and the disease itself. For example, you may experience extreme weight loss, infections, or diarrhea. Another common change is lipodystrophy (fat distribution syndrome) which can cause body shape changes and increases in cholesterol levels. Making improvements in your diet can improve your health and how well you feel. Here are a few...
If you or your partner has ever had unprotected sex (or
shared needles) with a person whose HIV status is unknown, there is a chance
that you have the virus. If you do have HIV, your baby could also become
infected. The virus is usually passed on during labor and childbirth. It is sometimes is passed during pregnancy.
Breast-feeding can pass the virus from mother to baby.
Treatment with medicines called antiretrovirals, both during pregnancy and
after the birth, greatly reduces a baby's risk of HIV infection. Antiretroviral
medicines prevent the virus from multiplying. When the amount of HIV in the
blood is minimized, the
immune system has a chance to recover and grow
Treatment for HIV during and/or after pregnancy may include:
Antiretroviral treatment for the mother.
cesarean delivery for women who have a high viral load. This means they have a higher risk for infecting their babies.
Antiretroviral treatment for the baby for 6 weeks
For more information, see the topic Human Immunodeficiency