Primary prevention means preventing illness before it occurs. Immunizations (vaccines) are one kind of primary prevention. Medicines that kill or control the organisms that cause infections are another type of primary prevention.
Secondary prevention means preventing a disease that a person has already had from coming back. This is usually done with medicines that slow or prevent the growth of the organisms that cause infections.
Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.
HIV is often linked with mental decline and worsening motor skills. When the virus attacks someone's nervous system, it can damage their brain and cause HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND).
Symptoms of HAND include at least two of the following:
Short attention span
Poor coordination and balance
Weakness in the a...
Work with your doctors to decide which medicines to use, based on:
The type of infection that is present or likely to develop.
Which other medicines you are already taking and the possibility that one medicine might make another less effective (negative interaction).
The side effects of the medicines.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
/2, 14 1
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this