Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

HIV & AIDS Health Center

Font Size

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - Symptoms

HIV may not cause symptoms early on. People who do have symptoms may mistake them for the flu or mono. Early symptoms of HIV are called acute retroviral syndrome. The symptoms may include:

These first symptoms can range from mild to severe and usually disappear on their own after 2 to 3 weeks. But many people don't have symptoms or they have such mild symptoms that they don't notice them at this stage.

Recommended Related to HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS Discrimination and Stigma

If you've been diagnosed with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), or know someone who has, the need for support and compassion couldn't be greater. But all too often HIV-positive people become targets of AIDS discrimination and stigma. On top of handling new health challenges, they sometimes face rejection by family and friends. They may be forced out of homes, lose jobs, or even become victims of violence. The following information can help you learn about ways to cope with AIDS discrimination....

Read the HIV/AIDS Discrimination and Stigma article > >

After the early symptoms go away, an infected person may not have symptoms again for many years. After a certain point, symptoms reappear and then remain.

Untreated HIV infection progresses in stages. These stages are based on your symptoms and the amount of the virus in your blood.

Later symptoms

Later symptoms may include:

  • Diarrhea or other bowel changes.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss.
  • Dry cough or shortness of breath.
  • Nail changes.
  • Night sweats.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, and groin.
  • Pain when swallowing.
  • Confusion, trouble concentrating, or personality changes.
  • Repeated outbreaks of cold sores or genital herpes sores.
  • Tingling, numbness, and weakness in the limbs.
  • Mouth sores or a yeast infection of the mouth (thrush).

Symptoms in women and children

HIV may be suspected when a woman has at least one of the following:

Children who have HIV often have different symptoms (for example, delayed growth or an enlarged spleen) than teens or adults.

1

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: May 16, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

HIV Myth Facts
Slideshow
STD Overview
Article
 
smiling mature man
Article
AIDS retrospective slideshow
Slideshow
 

HIV AIDS Screening
Slideshow
man opening condom wrapper
Quiz
 
HIV AIDS Treatment
Feature
Discrimination Stigma
Feature
 

Treatment Side Effects
Feature
grilled chicken and vegetables
Article
 
obese man standing on scale
Article
cold sore
Article
 

WebMD Special Sections