- Belly cramps, nausea, or vomiting.
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, and groin.
- Muscle aches and joint pain.
- Skin rash.
- Sore throat.
- Weight loss.
These first symptoms can range from mild to severe and usually disappear on their own after 2 to 3 weeks. But many people don't have symptoms or they have such mild symptoms that they don't notice them at this stage.
After the early symptoms go away, an infected person may not have symptoms again for many years. After a certain point, symptoms reappear and then remain.
Later symptoms may include:
- Diarrhea or other bowel changes.
- Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss.
- Dry cough or shortness of breath.
- Nail changes.
- Night sweats.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, and groin.
- Pain when swallowing.
- Confusion, trouble concentrating, or personality changes.
- Repeated outbreaks of cold sores or genital herpes sores.
- Tingling, numbness, and weakness in the limbs.
- Mouth sores or a yeast infection of the mouth (thrush).
Symptoms in women and children
HIV may be suspected when a woman has at least one of the following:
- More than 3 vaginal yeast infections in 1 year that aren't related to the use of antibiotics
- Recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Abnormal Pap test or cervical cancer