Skip to content

    HIV & AIDS Health Center

    Font Size

    HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection - When To Call a Doctor

    Known HIV infection

    If you are infected with HIV or caring for someone who is, call 911 or other emergency services immediately if any of the following conditions develop:

    Call your doctor if any of the following conditions develop:

    Recommended Related to HIV/AIDS

    HIV and Pregnancy

    HIV-positive women who are thinking about getting pregnant -- or already are pregnant -- have options that can help them stay healthy and protect their babies from becoming HIV-infected. Since the mid-1990s, HIV testing and preventive measures have resulted in more than a 90% decline in the number of children in the U.S. infected with HIV in the womb. And after three decades of research, doctors now understand how to craft a detailed plan to keep babies of HIV-positive women from getting the...

    Read the HIV and Pregnancy article > >

    • Fever higher than 101°F (38.3°C) for 24 hours or a fever higher than 103°F (39.4°C)
    • Shortness of breath
    • Cough that produces mucus (sputum)
    • New changes in balance or sensation (numbness, tingling, or pain)
    • Ongoing diarrhea
    • Unusual bleeding, such as from the nose or gums, blood in the urine or stool, or easy bruising
    • Ongoing headache or changes in vision
    • Rapid, unexplained weight loss
    • Night sweats
    • Fatigue
    • Swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
    • Unusual sores, rashes, or bumps on the skin or around the genitals, anus, or mouth, or increased outbreaks of cold sores
    • Personality changes or a decline in mental ability, such as confusion, disorientation, or an inability to do mental tasks that the person has done in the past

    Suspected or known exposure to HIV and symptoms are present

    Call your doctor to find out whether HIV testing is needed if you suspect you have been exposed to HIV, particularly if you engage in high-risk behavior and have any of the following symptoms:

    Suspected or known exposure to HIV but no symptoms

    If you have not been tested for HIV, call your doctor if:

    • You suspect that you have been exposed to HIV.
    • You have engaged in high-risk behavior and are concerned that you were exposed to HIV.
    • Your sex partner engages in high-risk behavior.
    • Your sex partner may have been exposed to HIV.
    • Your sex partner has HIV.
    • You have any of the symptoms listed above.

    Getting tested for HIV can be scary, but the condition can be managed with treatment. So it is important to get tested if you think you have been exposed.

    1 | 2
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    How much do you know?
    contemplative man
    What to do now.
    Should you be tested?
    HIV under microscope
    What does it mean?
    HIV AIDS Screening
    man opening condom wrapper
    HIV AIDS Treatment
    Discrimination Stigma
    Treatment Side Effects
    grilled chicken and vegetables
    obese man standing on scale
    cold sore