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Bartholin Glands and Bartholin Cysts

Bartholin glands are two small glands that are located on each side of the vaginal opening. They produce fluid to lubricate the opening to the vagina. If the duct to a Bartholin gland becomes blocked, fluid builds up inside the gland, causing a cyst.

Bartholin cysts that do not cause symptoms do not need to be treated. A Bartholin cyst that is large, painful, or infected is usually drained and healed open to keep it from coming back (recurring). In rare cases, the gland and duct are surgically removed when a cyst or infection (abscess) recurs after repeated treatments.

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as of March 12, 2014

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.