In women, pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis that has been present for at least 6 months is called chronic female pelvic pain. The pain may be constant or may come and go and may also fluctuate from mild to severe.
Painful menstruation is an example of recurrent pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain may also be caused by pelvic infections, endometriosis, adenomyosis, adhesions, and diseases of the urinary tract or bowel. Also, chronic female pelvic pain can be caused or made worse by past physical or sexual abuse.
Treatment for chronic female pelvic pain may include a combination of medicines, surgery, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and emotional counseling and support. Treatment choices depend on the cause, if known, and the nature of the pain.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise