Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation) is a decreased ability to think and learn. It’s caused by a problem with how the brain works.
The diagnosis is based on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests and a child's learning problems.
The disability can range from mild to severe. People who have intellectual disability may have a hard time with:
|Primary Medical Reviewer||John Pope, MD - Pediatrics|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Fred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry|
|Last Revised||April 3, 2012|
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