Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation) is a decreased ability to think and learn. It’s caused by a problem with how the brain works.
The diagnosis is based on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests and a child's learning problems.
The disability can range from mild to severe. People who have intellectual disability may have a hard time with:
|Primary Medical Reviewer||John Pope, MD - Pediatrics|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics|
|Current as of||July 1, 2013|
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise