WebMD
Font Size
A
A
A

Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of blood diseases that cause an abnormally low production of blood cells. MDS is more common in older adults and rare in children and may develop before the start of a more serious blood disease, acute myelogenous leukemia.

Symptoms of MDS include a decreased production of red blood cells (anemia) and bleeding caused by a decreased production of platelet cells (thrombocytopenia). Later symptoms include enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly), enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly), and swelling of the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy).

Treatment of MDS depends on the severity of the disease and can include blood transfusions and chemotherapy.

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Brian Leber, MDCM, FRCPC - Hematology
Last Revised December 17, 2010

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: December 17, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.