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Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition that causes noncancerous tumors to grow on nerves and produces abnormalities in the bones and skin. Most cases of neurofibromatosis are mild and do not require treatment.

The most common form of neurofibromatosis causes noncancerous tumors (neurofibromas) on or under the skin. Occasionally, noncancerous tumors may develop in the eyes and nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Neurofibromatosis also may cause dark spots to form on the skin that are similar to birthmarks (called café-au-lait spots). These may vary in size and color and may be found anywhere on the body.

There is no cure for neurofibromatosis, but treatment may relieve symptoms. Some people choose to have large or highly visible tumors removed by surgery. Surgery to remove tumors of the spinal cord, brain, or other nerves under the skin may be needed if the tumors are causing pain or disfigurement.

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Current as of March 12, 2014

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.