Combination Treatment for Hypertension
blood pressure problems? If one medicine can't lower your blood pressure, your doctor may try combination treatment for hypertension.
Studies show that many people get better control of blood pressure with combination treatment than with one drug.
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If you've been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it's likely that you and your doctor have discussed a plan to lower your blood pressure. For most people, medication is a major part of that plan. High blood pressure drugs are also called "anti-hypertensive" medicine.
Your doctor has many different high blood pressure drugs to choose from. These medications work in a variety of ways to lower blood pressure. Remember, though, that they do not cure high blood pressure. Rather, the goal of high blood...
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There are many
medications that are used in combination to help control high blood pressure. The goal is clear: control hypertension and you can lower your risk of heart disease.
When is combination treatment for high blood pressure necessary?
Combination treatment means another class of blood pressure medication is added to the first drug to increase effectiveness.
Many people with mild
high blood pressure respond to one medication. It may take a few tries to find the most effective drug.
However, sometimes one drug cannot control high blood pressure. The doctor may increase the dose or change the medication, yet the
blood pressure stays high. That's when a second drug may be added.
Sometimes, patients with higher
blood pressure need combination treatment -- even initially -- to bring it to a normal range.
Combination treatment for hypertension is individualized. It gives the best possible control of blood pressure with the fewest side effects.
Also, combination treatment may cost less. There may be less frequent doctor visits as the drug combination effectively manages the hypertension.
What combinations of drugs are used to treat high blood pressure?
Different combinations of drugs in varying dosages are used to treat hypertension. Sometimes, using lower doses of one or more drugs in combination can minimize side effects.
Thiazide diuretics may be used alone to treat hypertension. Yet, low-dose diuretics are also used with medications such as beta-blockers.
When used in a drug combination, the diuretic has fewer side effects. It also boosts the blood-pressure-lowering effect of the other medication.
Diuretics are added to other
blood pressure medications. For instance, if the person with high blood pressure also retains fluid, a diuretic may be added.
ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers are often effective when combined with other classes of medications.
Sometimes, a beta-blocker is combined with an alpha-blocker. This may be useful for men who have hypertension and an
enlarged prostate. The alpha-blocker may help both problems at the same time.