Hypertension Serious in Young Men
High blood pressure is more common in younger men, and should be taken just as serious as in their older counterparts.
Learn to Manage Anger continued...
He says anger involves feelings ranging from annoyance to rage and causes
psychological and biological changes. Spielberger developed the widely used
STAXI (State Trait Anger Expression Inventory) to assess anger and has studied
the role of anger in hypertension. "Research shows it is people who are boiling
inside but don't show it who are more likely to develop hypertension."
Anger can also be a personality trait. "Some people feel anger more often
across a wider variety of situations. People who do this and hold it in,
they're the ones in danger of hypertension."
Spielberger tells WebMD that a good anger management program can help
someone lower or normalize blood pressure. It's a three-step process.
First, learn to recognize the anger and the situations that cause it. "A lot
of people who feel anger frequently might not recognize it, especially low to
Second, analyze the situation. "If your supervisor frequently makes you and
other employees angry, tell yourself 'It's not me. This person is
supercritical. I'll listen to what he says, but I'm not going to blame myself
for his bad disposition.'"
Third, reduce the anger. "Counting to 10 will distract you, or try muscle
relaxation. If possible, avoid the situation."
What About 'White Coat Hypertension?'
If you have a physical exam that shows elevated blood pressure, your doctor
might say it could be "white coat hypertension," meaning the stress of seeing
the doctor caused the high reading.
White coat hypertension was once thought to be benign, but that may not be
the case, says Ulrich Broeckel, who is assistant professor of medicine at the
Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. He co-authored a study of 1,677
patients aged 25 to 74. The study, reported in the British Medical Journal,
measured structural changes in the heart, which Broeckel says were probably
related to stress and the response to stress. "We found a significant
difference between people who had white coat hypertension and those who didn't.
It suggests that if people have these increases in blood pressure when they see
a doctor, they have them in other stressful situations," says Broeckel.