Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels and filters in the kidney, making removal of waste from the body difficult. Once a person is diagnosed with end-stage renal disease, dialysis -- a blood-cleansing process -- or kidney transplantation are necessary.
Preeclampsia and eclampsia are diseases of pregnancy that involve the development or worsening of high blood pressure during the second half of pregnancy. Preeclampsia, formerly called "toxemia of pregnancy," may develop into the more severe condition called eclampsia. Eclampsia includes symptoms of preeclampsia, along with seizures.
These conditions, when they develop, occur after 20 weeks of pregnancy. They also may develop shortly after delivery. In very rare situations, they occur before...
Decrease in amount of urine or difficulty urinating
Edema (fluid retention), especially in the lower legs
A need to urinate more often, especially at night
How Is Kidney Disease Diagnosed?
As with high blood pressure, you may not realize that you have kidney disease. Certain laboratory tests can indicate whether your kidneys are eliminating waste products properly. These tests include serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN); elevated levels of either can indicate kidney damage. Proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine, is also a sign of kidney disease.
Who Is At Risk for Kidney Disease Due to High Blood Pressure?
Kidney disease caused by high blood pressure affects every group and race. However, certain groups are at higher risk, including:
For patients who have high blood pressure and kidney disease, the most important treatment is to control your blood pressure through lifestyle changes. ACE inhibitor and angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) drugs lower blood pressure and can protect the kidneys from further damage, but treatments needs to be individualized.