High Blood Pressure - What Increases Your Risk
Risk factors for high blood pressure include:A family history of high blood pressure. Aging.Race. African Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure, often have more severe high blood pressure, and are more likely to develop the condition at an earlier age than others. Why they are at greater risk is not known.Sodium (salt) intake.Drinking more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day.Being
High Blood Pressure - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about high blood pressure:What is high blood pressure?What are the new guidelines that lower the measurement for normal blood pressure?What causes high blood pressure?What causes secondary high blood pressure?What are the stages of high blood pressure?What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?What increases my risk for having high blood pressure?What is isolated systolic high blood ...
High Blood Pressure - Medications
Deciding whether to treat high blood pressure with medication and choosing the best medication are based mainly on:Your blood pressure measurement.Whether you have signs of organ damage caused by high blood pressure in other parts of your body, such as an enlarged heart or early damage to your arteries, kidneys, or eyes.Whether you have other medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, ..
High Blood Pressure - What Happens
Blood pressure commonly rises as you get older; however, this normal increase occurs more quickly in people who already have high blood pressure.Untreated high blood pressure can damage the delicate lining of the blood vessels. Once a blood vessel is damaged, fat and calcium can easily build up along the artery wall, forming a plaque. The blood vessel becomes narrowed and stiff (atherosclerosis),
High Blood Pressure - Symptoms
People with primary (essential) high blood pressure usually do not have any symptoms. Most people with high blood pressure feel fine and only find out they have high blood pressure during a routine exam or a doctor visit for another problem.Very severe high blood pressure (160 over 100 or higher), especially if your blood pressure rises very high quickly, may lead to hypertensive crisis. Symptoms
High Blood Pressure Treatment Guidelines - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. High Blood Pressure: Should I Take Medicine?
High Blood Pressure - Prevention
A new study on the prevention of high blood pressure recommends six lifestyle changes. These strategies are especially important for people who have risk factors for high blood pressure that cannot be changed, including family history, race, and aging.Lifestyle changes include:13Maintaining a normal weight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 to 24.9.Reducing sodium in your diet to about a day, .
High Blood Pressure - Topic Overview
What is high blood pressure? When you have high blood pressure, or hypertension, the force of blood against your artery walls is too strong. High blood pressure can damage your arteries, heart, and kidneys and lead to atherosclerosis and stroke. Hypertension is called a "silent killer'' because it does not cause symptoms unless it is severely high and, without your knowing it, it causes major ...
High Blood Pressure - Exams and Tests
In most cases, extensive tests are not needed to diagnose high blood pressure. If a blood pressure measurement shows your systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure is high, usually two more measurements at separate times will be done to confirm that you have high blood pressure. Routine testsA physical exam and a medical history are routinely used to evaluate high blood pressure. Additional blood .
High Blood Pressure Treatment Guidelines - Topic Overview
The U.S. National Institutes of Health publishes guidelines for doctors on high blood pressure classification and treatment. The guidelines are called the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.1If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health. For example, your goal will depend on whether you have other conditions such as diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease. Be sure you know your blood pressure goal.Blood pressure classification Blood pressure Classification140/90 or aboveHigh120/80 to 139/89Prehypertension119/79 or belowNormalTreatment for high blood pressureBlood pressureTreatmentBlood pressure of 120–139 over 80–89 (prehypertension)Lifestyle changesHigh blood pressure of 140–159 over 90–99Lifestyle changes, possibly medicinesHigh blood pressure of 160 over 100 or higherMedicines