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Hypertension/High Blood Pressure Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

  1. High Blood Pressure Treatment Guidelines - Topic Overview

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health publishes guidelines for doctors on high blood pressure classification and treatment. The guidelines are called the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.1If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health. For example, your goal will depend on whether you have other conditions such as diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease. Be sure you know your blood pressure goal.Blood pressure classification Blood pressure Classification140/90 or aboveHigh120/80 to 139/89Prehypertension119/79 or belowNormalTreatment for high blood pressureBlood pressureTreatmentBlood pressure of 120–139 over 80–89 (prehypertension)Lifestyle changesHigh blood pressure of 140–159 over 90–99Lifestyle changes, possibly medicinesHigh blood pressure of 160 over 100 or higherMedicines

  2. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Topic Overview

    DASH diet The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet can help you lower your blood pressure. It includes eating fruits,vegetables,and low-fat or nonfat dairy foods. For more information on the DASH diet,see: High Blood Pressure: Using the DASH Diet Sample Menu for the DASH Diet Follow these daily recommendations: The DASH eating plan Food Recommended servings Examples Low-fat ...

  3. High Blood Pressure - Treatment Overview

    Treatment for high blood pressure depends on the severity of the disease and whether you have other health problems, such as heart failure or diabetes, or you are pregnant. Your doctor may want you to try lifestyle changes first, including losing weight, increasing activity, and eating a balanced diet. If your blood pressure is above a certain level, your doctor may prescribe medication along ...

  4. High Blood Pressure: Taking Medicines Properly

    High blood pressure is a lifelong disease that, if not controlled, can lead to heart or kidney disease and stroke. Even though you may not feel sick when you have high blood pressure, taking your medicine exactly as directed helps lower your risk for these conditions. The amount and types of medications you take will depend on your blood pressure reading, whether you have organ damage from high ..

  5. High Blood Pressure - Living With High Blood Pressure

    Home treatment is important to help control high blood pressure, especially if you have other risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Even if your doctor has prescribed medication for you, there are still many steps you can take to lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. Changes in lifestyle or behavior can help control high blood pressure and in some cases ..

  6. High Blood Pressure - When to Call a Doctor

    Call or other emergency services immediately if you have any of the following symptoms: A sudden, severe headacheChest pain (angina)Other symptoms of a heart attackSymptoms of a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)Call a doctor immediately if you have high blood pressure and:Your blood pressure is usually normal or well controlled, but it suddenly goes well above the normal range on more ...

  7. High Blood Pressure - Topic Overview

    What is high blood pressure? When you have high blood pressure, or hypertension, the force of blood against your artery walls is too strong. High blood pressure can damage your arteries, heart, and kidneys and lead to atherosclerosis and stroke. Hypertension is called a "silent killer'' because it does not cause symptoms unless it is severely high and, without your knowing it, it causes major ...

  8. High Blood Pressure: Checking Your Blood Pressure at Home

    Key pointsHigh blood pressure often is referred to as the "silent killer, " because it usually has no obvious symptoms and most people cannot tell if their blood pressure is high unless it is measured.Home blood pressure monitors make it easy for people to measure their blood pressure at home. If you are concerned that you might have high blood pressure, or if your family has a history of high ...

  9. Tyrell's Story: Taking Pills for High Blood Pressure - Tyrell's story

    When Tyrell’s doctor told him he had high blood pressure,he was shocked. "I thought,'Hey,I'm a physical fitness trainer. I'm in great shape. How could I have high blood pressure?'" He knew that both of his parents have high blood pressure. And one of his uncles recently had a stroke. But Tyrell had always been kind of a health nut. It just didn't seem possible that he could be sick. "My ...

  10. High Blood Pressure - What Increases Your Risk

    Risk factors for high blood pressure include:A family history of high blood pressure. Aging.Race. African Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure, often have more severe high blood pressure, and are more likely to develop the condition at an earlier age than others. Why they are at greater risk is not known.Sodium (salt) intake.Drinking more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day.Being

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