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Hypertension/High Blood Pressure Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

  1. Physical Exam for High Blood Pressure

    The extent of the physical exam and the level of detail in your doctor's questions depend on how high your blood pressure is and whether you have other risk factors for heart disease. People who have many risk factors may have a more detailed evaluation.The exam includes:Your medical history to evaluate risk factors.Two or more blood pressure measurements. Measurements may be taken from both the .

  2. High Blood Pressure - What Happens

    Blood pressure commonly rises as you get older; however, this normal increase occurs more quickly in people who already have high blood pressure.Untreated high blood pressure can damage the delicate lining of the blood vessels. Once a blood vessel is damaged, fat and calcium can easily build up along the artery wall, forming a plaque. The blood vessel becomes narrowed and stiff (atherosclerosis),

  3. Calcium Channel Blockers for High Blood Pressure

    Drug details for Calcium channel blockers for high blood pressure.

  4. Direct Renin Inhibitors for High Blood Pressure

    Drug details for direct renin inhibitors for high blood pressure.

  5. Prehypertension - Topic Overview

    Prehypertension is blood pressure that is higher than normal but not high enough to be high blood pressure.

  6. Beta-Blockers for High Blood Pressure

    Drug details for Beta-blockers for high blood pressure.

  7. High Blood Pressure Treatment Guidelines - Topic Overview

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health publishes guidelines for doctors on high blood pressure classification and treatment. The guidelines are called the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.1If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health. For example, your goal will depend on whether you have other conditions such as diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease. Be sure you know your blood pressure goal.Blood pressure classification Blood pressure Classification140/90 or aboveHigh120/80 to 139/89Prehypertension119/79 or belowNormalTreatment for high blood pressureBlood pressureTreatmentBlood pressure of 120–139 over 80–89 (prehypertension)Lifestyle changesHigh blood pressure of 140–159 over 90–99Lifestyle changes, possibly medicinesHigh blood pressure of 160 over 100 or higherMedicines

  8. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Topic Overview

    DASH diet The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet can help you lower your blood pressure. It includes eating fruits,vegetables,and low-fat or nonfat dairy foods. For more information on the DASH diet,see: High Blood Pressure: Using the DASH Diet Sample Menu for the DASH Diet Follow these daily recommendations: The DASH eating plan Food Recommended servings Examples Low-fat ...

  9. High Blood Pressure - Treatment Overview

    Treatment for high blood pressure depends on the severity of the disease and whether you have other health problems, such as heart failure or diabetes, or you are pregnant. Your doctor may want you to try lifestyle changes first, including losing weight, increasing activity, and eating a balanced diet. If your blood pressure is above a certain level, your doctor may prescribe medication along ...

  10. High Blood Pressure: Taking Medicines Properly

    High blood pressure is a lifelong disease that, if not controlled, can lead to heart or kidney disease and stroke. Even though you may not feel sick when you have high blood pressure, taking your medicine exactly as directed helps lower your risk for these conditions. The amount and types of medications you take will depend on your blood pressure reading, whether you have organ damage from high ..

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