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Hypertension/High Blood Pressure Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

  1. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Prevention

    A new study on the prevention of high blood pressure recommends six lifestyle changes. These strategies are especially important for people who have risk factors for high blood pressure that cannot be changed, including family history, race, and aging.Lifestyle changes include:13Maintaining a normal weight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 to 24.9.Reducing sodium in your diet to about a day, .

  2. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Medications

    Deciding whether to treat high blood pressure with medication and choosing the best medication are based mainly on:Your blood pressure measurement.Whether you have signs of organ damage caused by high blood pressure in other parts of your body, such as an enlarged heart or early damage to your arteries, kidneys, or eyes.Whether you have other medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, ..

  3. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - When to Call a Doctor

    Call or other emergency services immediately if you have any of the following symptoms: A sudden, severe headacheChest pain (angina)Other symptoms of a heart attackSymptoms of a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)Call a doctor immediately if you have high blood pressure and:Your blood pressure is usually normal or well controlled, but it suddenly goes well above the normal range on more ...

  4. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Treatment Overview

    Treatment for high blood pressure depends on the severity of the disease and whether you have other health problems, such as heart failure or diabetes, or you are pregnant. Your doctor may want you to try lifestyle changes first, including losing weight, increasing activity, and eating a balanced diet. If your blood pressure is above a certain level, your doctor may prescribe medication along ...

  5. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Exams and Tests

    In most cases, extensive tests are not needed to diagnose high blood pressure. If a blood pressure measurement shows your systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure is high, usually two more measurements at separate times will be done to confirm that you have high blood pressure. Routine testsA physical exam and a medical history are routinely used to evaluate high blood pressure. Additional blood .

  6. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Cause

    Many different factors are linked to high blood pressure, including obesity; drinking 3 or more alcoholic beverages a day; high salt intake; aging; a sedentary lifestyle; stress; low potassium, magnesium, and calcium intake; and resistance to insulin.2, 3Primary, or essential, high blood pressure accounts for 95% of all cases of hypertension.4Secondary high blood pressure, which is caused by ...

  7. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about high blood pressure:What is high blood pressure?What are the new guidelines that lower the measurement for normal blood pressure?What causes high blood pressure?What causes secondary high blood pressure?What are the stages of high blood pressure?What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?What increases my risk for having high blood pressure?What is isolated systolic high blood ...

  8. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - What Happens

    Blood pressure commonly rises as you get older; however, this normal increase occurs more quickly in people who already have high blood pressure.Untreated high blood pressure can damage the delicate lining of the blood vessels. Once a blood vessel is damaged, fat and calcium can easily build up along the artery wall, forming a plaque. The blood vessel becomes narrowed and stiff (atherosclerosis),

  9. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Other Treatment

    In addition to making lifestyle changes, several other nondrug methods of reducing blood pressure can be tried.None of the methods listed below are proven to consistently lower high blood pressure. However, these methods generally are considered to be safe and may have other benefits besides lowering blood pressure.Although there may be an association between a particular stressful situation and .

  10. High Blood Pressure: Nutrition Tips - Topic Overview

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health publishes guidelines for doctors on high blood pressure classification and treatment. The guidelines are called the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.1If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health. For example, your goal will depend on whether you have other conditions such as diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease. Be sure you know your blood pressure goal.Blood pressure classification Blood pressure Classification140/90 or aboveHigh120/80 to 139/89Prehypertension119/79 or belowNormalTreatment for high blood pressureBlood pressureTreatmentBlood pressure of 120–139 over 80–89 (prehypertension)Lifestyle changesHigh blood pressure of 140–159 over 90–99Lifestyle changes, possibly medicinesHigh blood pressure of 160 over 100 or higherMedicines

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