Whole Grains vs. High Blood Pressure
Eating More Whole Grains May Make High Blood Pressure Less Likely
WebMD News Archive
Aug. 10, 2007 -- Eating just one daily serving of whole grains may help
prevent high blood pressure -- and more servings could slash your risk even
So says a study published in The American Journal of Clinical
Study participants' odds of developing high blood pressure over a decade
fell by 4% with each daily serving of whole grains.
Four percent may not sound like a whopping advantage. But since high blood
pressure makes heart attacks, strokes, and a host of other health problems more
likely, every little step helps.
What Are Whole Grains?
Whole grains, which provide all edible parts of the grain, include
whole-grain corn, oats, popcorn, brown rice, whole rye, whole-grain barley,
buckwheat, and quinoa (pronounced "keen-wah").
The new study tracks whole-grain intake in nearly 29,000 U.S. women who are
health care workers.
When the study started in 1992, the women were at least 45 years old and
were in their early to mid-50s, on average. They completed surveys about the
foods they ate during the previous year.
The women were followed for 10 years, on average. During that time, a total
of 8,722 women in the group were newly diagnosed with high blood pressure
Compared to women who reported eating less than half a daily serving of
whole grains, women who claimed to eat at least four daily servings of whole
grains were about 23% less likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure
during the study.
Those findings weren't affected by other factors including age, vigorous
exercise, smoking, and other dietary habits.
Refined grains, such as white bread, showed no effect on the women's odds of
developing high blood pressure.
The fiber and nutrients in whole grains may have helped prevent high blood
pressure, write the researchers, who included Lu Wang, MD, of the preventive medicine
division at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital in
The study has some limits. The women only completed the survey once, so any
dietary changes they made over the years aren't reflected in the data. Also,
some women may have misreported their dietary habits. It's also not clear if
the findings apply to other groups of people.
Ready to add more whole grains to your diet but not sure where to start?
You could swap refined grains for whole grains -- for instance, switching
from white rice to brown rice. You can also find whole grains in many products
including breakfast cereals and breads.
At least half of your grains should be whole grains, according to the U.S.
government's dietary guidelines.
But be a savvy shopper. Buzzwords such as "multigrain," "100%
wheat," and "stone-ground" aren't the same as "whole
Also, know that not all brown-colored breads are made from whole grains. The
bottom line: Read food labels carefully when shopping for whole grains.
Of course, whole grains don't solely determine your blood pressure. Your
age, sex, race, lifestyle, and other dietary habits also matter.
The first step: Get your blood pressure checked. Then talk to your doctor
about ways to improve your blood pressure.