Untreated high blood pressure can lead to heart attacks or strokes. The higher your blood pressure, the greater your risk. Lowering blood pressure lowers the risk of damaging blood vessels and getting atherosclerosis.
- Lifestyle changes.
- Daily medicines.
Your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal. An example of a goal is to keep blood pressure below 140/90. Your goal may be lower or higher based on your health and age. Your blood pressure goal can help you prevent problems caused by high blood pressure.
Treating high blood pressure with lifestyle changes
For some people, lifestyle changes may be enough to lower their blood pressure. Whether this is an option for you depends on how high your blood pressure is and whether you have other health problems, such as diabetes or heart disease.
Your doctor may suggest that you make one or more of the following changes:
- Lose weight. If you're overweight, losing extra pounds may bring your blood pressure down.
- Get more active. Regular aerobic exercise can help lower blood pressure.
- Stop smoking. Nicotine temporarily increases blood pressure and heart rate with each use.
- Limit alcohol. Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day for men, 1 drink a day for women.
- Eat less sodium. To help lower blood pressure, try to eat less than 1,500 mg a day.
- Follow the DASH diet. The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating plan can help you lower your blood pressure.
For tips on how to do these things, see the Living With High Blood Pressure section of this topic.
One Woman's Story:
"I could never have imagined I could get (my blood pressure) down so low by losing weight. I feel sure it was the WAY I lost weight, with DASH."-Izzy
Treating high blood pressure with medicines
If lifestyle changes don't lower your blood pressure to your goal, you may need to take daily medicines as well.
Medicines control-but usually don't cure-high blood pressure. So you will probably need to take them for the rest of your life. Most people need to take two or more medicines.
Some people find it hard to take their medicines properly. They may feel it's too much trouble-especially when they don't feel sick. Or they're worried about side effects. Some people find it hard to keep track of when and how to take their medicines.
If you have trouble taking high blood pressure medicines for any reason, talk to your doctor.
One Man's Story:
"I learned that it doesn't matter how healthy you feel-if you have high blood pressure, you're sick and you'd better do something about it."-Tyrell