1. Watch what you eat. Stay away from salt and saturated fats. Focus instead on foods that are high in fiber, calcium, and magnesium. A healthy diet consists of lots of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products.
In the vast majority of cases, there are no clear symptoms of high blood pressure (also known as hypertension), which can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and eye problems if untreated. The only way to find out if you have high blood pressure is to get your blood pressure checked on a regular basis. This is especially important if you have a close relative who has high blood pressure.
If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for, including:
2. Get plenty of exercise. Regular aerobic workouts condition the heart and keep blood vessels working properly. It's also wise to be as active as possible throughout your day, apart from your workout.
3. If you’re overweight, try to trim down. Even shedding a few pounds can make a big difference.
4. If you smoke or drink a lot of alcohol, now’s the time to stop. Your doctor can give you advice about the most effective ways to do that.