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Crohn’s Disease Treatment: Common Medications for Treating Crohn’s

Crohn's disease, also known as ileitis or regional enteritis, is a chronic illness. In Crohn's, the intestine, bowel, or other part of the digestive tract becomes inflamed and ulcerated -- marked with sores. Along with ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease is part of a group of diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Crohn's disease usually affects the lower part of the small intestine, which is called the ileum. The disease, though, can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal system. Thus, the disorder may affect the large or small intestine, the stomach, the esophagus, or even the mouth. Crohn's can occur at any age. It is most commonly diagnosed in people who are between the ages of 15 and 30.

Recommended Related to Crohn's Disease

Crohn's Disease and Pregnancy

You can have a healthy pregnancy and delivery even if you have Crohn’s disease. The key is to work closely with your doctor and follow your treatment plan so you and your baby can both stay healthy.

Read the Crohn's Disease and Pregnancy article > >

What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?

The symptoms of Crohn's disease depend on where in the bowel the disease occurs. They also depend on its severity. Symptoms can include:

  • abdominal pain and tenderness (often on the lower right side of the abdomen)
  • chronic diarrhea
  • delayed development and stunted growth (in children)
  • feeling of a mass or fullness in the lower right abdomen
  • fever
  • rectal bleeding
  • weight loss

Other symptoms can develop, depending on complications related to the disease. For example, a person with a fistula, an abnormal passageway, in the rectal area may have pain and discharge around the rectum. Other complications from Crohn's disease include:

  • arthritis
  • gallstones
  • inflammation of the eyes and mouth
  • kidney stones
  • liver disease
  • skin rashes or ulcers

What causes Crohn's disease?

The cause of Crohn's disease is not known. It is likely that there is a genetic component. About 20% of people with Crohn's disease have a blood relative with a form of IBD. People of Jewish heritage have a greater risk of developing Crohn's.

Crohn's disease may involve the immune system. The immune system of a person with Crohn's may treat bacteria, food, and other substances as foreign invaders, leading to chronic inflammation from the accumulation of white blood cells in the lining of the intestines and resulting in ulcerations and injury to the tissues.

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