If you have mild
inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or
Crohn's disease) and diarrhea is your main symptom, you may be able to treat it with an antidiarrheal medicine.
Take antidiarrheals only under your doctor's
supervision. Stop taking them if you have a fever or severe belly pain. If you have been taking
antidiarrheals for 10 days and still have diarrhea, check with your doctor.
Microscopic colitis is a type of inflammation of the colon, or large intestine, that can cause watery diarrhea and cramping. While it can be painful and unpleasant, it's much less severe than other types of inflammatory bowel disease.
It's called microscopic because the inflammation is too small to see with the naked eye. The only way your doctor can diagnose it is to take a sample of tissue and check it under a microscope.
There are two types of microscopic colitis:
Some of these medicines, such as loperamide (Imodium, for
example), are available without a prescription. Others, such as diphenoxylate
(Lomotil, for example), are available only with a prescription.
These medicines contain
ingredients that slow or stop the painful spasms in your intestines that cause
symptoms. They can be dangerous if you use them when you have moderate or
severe inflammation of the colon, because they can cause a serious complication
called toxic megacolon in which the colon swells to many times its normal
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this