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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Health Center

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Living With an Ostomy - Topic Overview

It takes time to adjust to an ostomy. But you will be able to work, participate in sports and physical activities, be intimate with your partner, and resume your social life after an ostomy.

Medicine

Most medicine is absorbed in the small intestine. If you have an ostomy, how well a medicine is absorbed depends on how much functioning intestine you have and the form of the medicine. Coated pills and time-release medicines may pass through the intestine too quickly to be absorbed. If possible, use liquid medicines. Tell all your health professionals (doctors and pharmacist) about the type of ostomy you have and the location of the stoma (the exposed end of the intestine). Your doctor can help you determine the best form of medicine for you and whether you need to vary the dosage.

If your rectum has been removed, carry a card with you that states that you cannot be given rectal enemas or suppositories or have your temperature taken rectally.

Diet

After surgery, your diet will gradually move from a largely liquid diet to your previous diet. This transition generally takes about 6 weeks. Foods that were not always fully digested before your surgery-such as corn-will remain undigested, and you will notice them in your ostomy pouch. This is normal.

If your colon (large intestine) was removed, you will lose more water, because the stool no longer passes through the large intestine where water is absorbed. Your doctor may recommend that you drink more fluids each day and that you not restrict salt (sodium) in your diet. If a large part of your small intestine was removed (as well as your colon), you may need to pay attention to your diet to make sure you get enough potassium, sodium, and other essential nutrients. Your doctor may recommend a vitamin or mineral supplement.

Some foods may cause odor, gas, or diarrhea, and some may cause an obstruction in an ileostomy.

Foods that can cause problems with an ostomy
Foods that cause odor Foods that cause gas Foods that cause diarrhea Foods that may cause obstruction in an ileostomy
  • Eggs
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Fish
  • Asparagus
  • Cabbage
  • Broccoli
  • Alcohol
  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Onions
  • Beer
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Cheese
  • Sprouts
  • Alcohol
  • Cabbage
  • Spinach
  • Green beans
  • Coffee
  • Spicy foods
  • Raw fruits
  • Nuts
  • Raisins
  • Popcorn
  • Seeds
  • Chocolate
  • Raw vegetables
  • Corn
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