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Ulcerative Colitis Health Center

Make an Ulcerative Colitis Diet Plan

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What Else Helps?

Your doctor and a dietitian are great resources when you’re making a UC diet plan. Keep them in the loop on how you’re feeling and what you’re eating. They can guide you to healthy choices and make sure you're getting the nutrition you need.

If you can't eat a balanced diet, you might need to take supplements like calcium, folic acid, and vitamin B12. Ask your doctor if you need to include these in your plan.

Your body may do better with smaller meals throughout the day instead of three big ones. When you make your diet plan, think about foods that you can carry with you for healthy snacks.

Foods That May Fight UC

New research shows that certain nutrients may help fight the irritation and swelling in your gut caused by UC. Researchers have studied how linoleic acid, found in foods such as walnuts, olive oil, egg yolks, and coconut oil, affects people with the condition. Although everyone needs this "good" fat, there is some evidence it may play a role in inflammation if you get too much.

Other studies have found that an omega-3 fatty acid called EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) may fight inflammation. It blocks certain chemicals in your body called leukotrienes. Fish oil is a good source of EPA. In some tests, people benefited from very high doses of it. Many, though, didn’t like the fishy taste.

Some scientific trials also found that yogurt with "good” bacteria, called probiotics, relieved inflammation. Scientists are still studying how these germs may help people with UC and similar conditions.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson, MD on November 10, 2014
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