When you have ulcerative colitis (UC), you’ll definitely take medicine to help manage it. There are several kinds your doctor will consider, depending on what you need.
Most people with UC take prescription drugs called aminosalicylates (or “5-ASAs”) that tame inflammation in the gut. These include balsalazide, mesalamine, olsalazine, and sulfasalazine. As long as you avoid your trigger foods, these may be enough if your disease is mild to moderate.
You may need something else if your condition...
Inhale, exhale. You do it 24-7, usually without noticing it at all. Take a moment to tune in to your breathing. It’s an easy, do-it-anywhere way to soothe your body and mind.
Take a slow, deep breath, filling your lungs with air. Then let the air out slowly and fully, feeling your muscles loosen up as you do. Take several deep breaths whenever you feel stressed out. Deep breathing not only relaxes your mind, it also sends more blood flowing through your body.
You can boost the benefits when you combine breathing with another relaxation technique.
Yoga blends deep breathing with stretching and strengthening poses. It also helps with stress and ongoing pain. One study even showed that yoga might calm inflammation, a key part of UC.
Meditation involves observing your breath, or focusing on a word or an image in your mind. Other thoughts will come up. That’s fine, and normal! Try to let those distractions float by without chasing or judging them. Research shows that as little as 20 minutes of meditation a day can cut levels of the stress hormone cortisol. Try 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes before you go to bed.
2. Walk It Off
When you work out, your body releases feel-good chemicals called endorphins. Studies show that exercise can also lower stress and relieve some UC symptoms.
Depending on how severe your condition is, you may need to limit how much and how hard you exercise. Don't overdo it. Even a moderate 10-minute walk each day counts, and you'll feel better for it.
3. Take a Time-out
Include some "me time" on your to-do list. Take a few minutes to do something you really enjoy. Some ideas:
Listen to your favorite music.
Read a book.
Spend some time in a park or your garden.
Call a good friend.
Take a yoga class.
Try a new recipe.
Use a foam roller or a tennis ball to unknot tense muscles.