Some fertility problems are related to lifestyle or other health
conditions. To help protect your fertility:
Avoid using tobacco (cigarettes) and marijuana. They reduce fertility, especially by reducing sperm counts.
exposure to harmful chemicals.
Avoid excessive alcohol use. It
may damage eggs or sperm.
Limit sex partners and use condoms to
reduce the risk of getting a
sexually transmitted infection (STI). Untreated STIs can damage the reproductive system and cause
infertility. If you think you may have an STI, get treatment promptly to reduce
the risk of damage to your reproductive system.
Stay at a body weight that is close to the
ideal for your height. It will reduce the possibility of hormone imbalances. This is
very important for men as well as for women.
Today, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is practically a household word. But not so long ago, it was a mysterious procedure for infertility that produced what were then known as "test-tube babies." Louise Brown, born in England in 1978, was the first such baby to be conceived outside her mother's womb.
Unlike the simpler process of artificial insemination -- in which sperm is placed in the uterus and conception precedes otherwise normally -- IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in...