A luteal phase defect is a disruption in a woman's monthly menstrual cycle.
The luteal phase is one stage of the menstrual cycle. It occurs after ovulation (when the ovaries release an egg) and before your period starts.
During this phase, the lining of your uterus normally becomes thicker to prepare for a possible pregnancy.
If you have a luteal phase defect, the lining of your uterus does not grow properly each month. This can make it difficult to become or remain pregnant, although there is...
In studies conducted in Germany and published in the journal Fertility
and Sterility, women enrolled in an infertility program underwent
acupuncture treatments just prior to and just after an embryo transfer into the
uterus -- the final step in an in vitro fertilization procedure.
The result: Compared to women who did not have the acupuncture treatment,
those who did had a significantly higher rate of pregnancy -- 42.5% compared
with 26.3% in the group not having acupuncture.
"I don't think we know if acupuncture actually reduces stress but it may
help counterbalance some of the effects of stress on the reproductive
system," says Grifo, who indicates that at least three studies thus far
have proven its benefits on fertility.
Other studies have found that for some women, massage may hold another key
to reducing infertility stress. In research published in the International
Journal of Neuroscience in 2004, doctors found that massage therapy worked
to decrease the body's physical signals of stress, including heart rate and
And while it wasn't tested on infertility patients, Morgan feels so strongly
that it will make a difference, he recently launched his own study to test the
impact of lower body massage therapy on women undergoing infertility
"The first group is receiving a gentle form of massage therapy on their
feet and legs just prior to either an insemination or an embryo transfer; the
matched group is going straight into treatment without any stress-reducing
therapy," says Morgan.
While he says it's still too early to predict results, he suspects the
outcome may definitely favor massage therapy.
At Grifo's center at New York University, infertility patients are routinely
referred to in-house programs that offer both guided imagery and foot
reflexology, all in an effort to reduce stress.
"We're not studying it in a scientific way, but we offer it and we
recommend it, and the women who become involved seem to feel better, and that's
what matters most to us. If it helps the quality of life for patients seeking
fertility treatments, that's a very big thing," says Grifo.