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Infertility & Reproduction Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Infertility & Reproduction

  1. Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction - Topic Overview

    Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) is a procedure used to reduce the number of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy,usually to two. When a pregnancy involves three or more fetuses (high-order pregnancy),the risks of miscarriage,stillbirth,and lifelong disability increase with each additional fetus. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) and fertility drugs have greatly increased the number of ...

  2. Infertility & Reproduction Guide - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection for Infertility

    Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to treat sperm - related infertility problems. ICSI is used to enhance the fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into a mature egg. The fertilized egg is then placed in a woman's uterus or fallopian tube.Sperm collection. If sperm cannot be collected by means of ...

  3. Varicocele Repair for Infertility

    Varicoceles are enlarged varicose veins that occur in the scrotum. They are fairly common, affecting 15% of men overall, and 40% of men with known infertility. Varicoceles occur most often in the left testicle.

  4. Antisperm Antibody Test

    An antisperm antibody test looks for special proteins (antibodies) that fight against a man's sperm in blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. The test uses a sample of sperm and adds a substance that binds only to affected sperm.

  5. Sonohysterogram

    A sonohysterogram uses ultrasound to look at the inside of your uterus. A salt (saline) solution is put in the uterus for a clearer image.Ultrasound images from a sonohysterogram can help find the cause of bleeding or problems with getting pregnant. Unlike a hysterosalpingogram, a sonohysterogram doesn't use X-rays or an iodine dye. The test can be done in a doctor's office, a hospital, or a clinic.

  6. Fertility Problems - Home Treatment

    To decrease your risk of infertility and increase your chances of becoming pregnant, use the following guidelines. Track ovulation at home: Estimate when you are ovulating by practicing fertility awareness, including monitoring your cervical mucus changes

  7. Infertility: Factors That Affect Treatment Success - Topic Overview

    Infertility treatment success is defined as the birth of a healthy infant. Major factors that affect your chances of conceiving and carrying a healthy pregnancy with or without treatment include maternal age,how long you have been trying to conceive,and the cause of infertility. For more information,see the What Happens section of the topic Fertility Problems. Infertility clinic success ...

  8. Medications

    Medication or hormone treatments are often the first steps in infertility treatment. They are also used for in vitro fertilization and other assisted reproductive technologies.Medication ChoicesMedications to stimulate ovulationClomiphene citrate (Clomid) stimulates the release of hormones that trigger ovulation. Clomiphene is typically the first choice of treatment for unexplained lack of ...

  9. Insemination Procedures for Infertility

    An insemination procedure uses a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to put sperm into the woman's reproductive tract. For some couples with infertility problems, insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy.Donor sperm are used if the male partner is sterile, has an extremely low sperm count, or carries a risk of genetic disease. A woman planning to conceive without a male partner can also use ..

  10. Infertility: Questions to Ask About Medicine or Hormone Treatment - Topic Overview

    When considering whether to try medicine or hormone treatment for infertility,ask: Whether there are any possible long-term risks related to the proposed treatment. Whether you need to change your sexual activities during treatment. Your doctor may have suggestions for timing sex to increase the possibility of becoming pregnant. How long this type of treatment is recommended before it's ...

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