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Infertility & Reproduction Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Infertility & Reproduction

  1. Infertility: Aging Egg Supply - Topic Overview

    From birth,females have a fixed-though plentiful-supply of eggs (ovarian reserve). As a woman ages past her mid-30s,her eggs gradually degrade,making it less likely that she will naturally conceive,or that an assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedure will result in pregnancy and a healthy baby. Among American women in their 20s to mid-30s,over 35% give birth per ART cycle using ...

  2. Fertility Problems - Topic Overview

    Infertility means you have not been able to get pregnant after you have tried for at least 1 year.

  3. Infertility & Reproduction Guide - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection for Infertility

    Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to treat sperm - related infertility problems. ICSI is used to enhance the fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into a mature egg. The fertilized egg is then placed in a woman's uterus or fallopian tube.Sperm collection. If sperm cannot be collected by means of ...

  4. Varicocele Repair for Infertility

    Varicoceles are enlarged varicose veins that occur in the scrotum. They are fairly common, affecting 15% of men overall, and 40% of men with known infertility. Varicoceles occur most often in the left testicle.

  5. Fertility Problems - Health Tools

    This health tools will help you make wise health decisions or take action regarding fertility problems.

  6. Infertility & Reproduction Guide - Topic Overview

    Radiation and chemotherapy treatment for cancer can cause infertility in both men and women. High doses of radiation and alkylating chemotherapy (such as chlorambucil,cyclophosphamide,and nitrogen mustard) pose the highest risk of damaging egg and sperm. But some people suffer no fertility effects. In general,the higher the dose and the longer the treatment,the greater the risk to your ...

  7. In Vitro Fertilization for Infertility

    During in vitro fertilization (IVF), eggs and sperm are brought together in a laboratory glass dish to allow the sperm to fertilize an egg. With IVF, you can use any combination of your own eggs and sperm and donor eggs and sperm.See an illustration of the female reproductive system.Ovulation and egg retrieval. To prepare for an assisted reproductive procedure using your own eggs, you will ...

  8. Infertility: Problems With Fallopian Tubes - Topic Overview

    Problems with the fallopian tubes are a leading cause of infertility in women. Tubal blockage may be caused by: Previous infection (most often a sexually transmitted disease ; sometimes associated with a ruptured appendix ). Tubal ligation for sterilization or other types of surgery. Endometriosis,a common cause of infertility. Scarring of fallopian tubes associated with previous pelvic ...

  9. Infertility: Factors That Affect Treatment Success - Topic Overview

    Infertility treatment success is defined as the birth of a healthy infant. Major factors that affect your chances of conceiving and carrying a healthy pregnancy with or without treatment include maternal age,how long you have been trying to conceive,and the cause of infertility. For more information,see the What Happens section of the topic Fertility Problems. Infertility clinic success ...

  10. Insemination for Infertility - Topic Overview

    Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the flushing of specially washed sperm through a thin flexible tube (catheter) directly into the uterus. Artificial insemination (AI) is the placement of sperm into a woman's cervix or vagina. The sperm then travel into the uterus and fallopian tubes,where they may fertilize an egg. See an illustration of the female reproductive system. Insemination ...

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