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Infertility & Reproduction Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Infertility & Reproduction

  1. Infertility & Reproduction Guide - Prevention

    Some causes of infertility are related to lifestyle or other health conditions. To help protect your fertility:Avoid using tobacco (cigarettes) and marijuana, which reduce fertility, especially by reducing sperm counts.Avoid exposure to chemicals.Avoid excessive alcohol use, which may damage eggs or sperm.Limit sex partners and use condoms to reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted ...

  2. Fertility Problems - What Increases Your Risk

    Infertility has many causes that involve either the woman's, the man's, or both partners' reproductive systems. Some factors that increase your risk of infertility are within your control; others are not.

  3. Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction - Topic Overview

    Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) is a procedure used to reduce the number of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy,usually to two. When a pregnancy involves three or more fetuses (high-order pregnancy),the risks of miscarriage,stillbirth,and lifelong disability increase with each additional fetus. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) and fertility drugs have greatly increased the number of ...

  4. Vasectomy Reversal (Vasovasostomy)

    A vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control. Vasectomy reversal (vasovasostomy) reconnects the tubes (vas deferens) that were cut during a vasectomy.

  5. Insemination Procedures for Infertility

    An insemination procedure uses a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to put sperm into the woman's reproductive tract. For some couples with infertility problems, insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy.Donor sperm are used if the male partner is sterile, has an extremely low sperm count, or carries a risk of genetic disease. A woman planning to conceive without a male partner can also use ..

  6. Insemination for Infertility - Topic Overview

    Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the flushing of specially washed sperm through a thin flexible tube (catheter) directly into the uterus. Artificial insemination (AI) is the placement of sperm into a woman's cervix or vagina. The sperm then travel into the uterus and fallopian tubes,where they may fertilize an egg. See an illustration of the female reproductive system. Insemination ...

  7. Infertility: Setting Limits on Testing - Topic Overview

    Looking for a cause of infertility can be a brief process,or can become a financially,emotionally,and physically demanding succession of tests and procedures. Before you start infertility testing,take some time together to talk about how far each of you is willing to go. Consider: How you feel about undergoing invasive testing if initial sperm and blood tests find no infertility cause. ...

  8. Antisperm Antibody Test

    An antisperm antibody test looks for special proteins (antibodies) that fight against a man's sperm in blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. The test uses a sample of sperm and adds a substance that binds only to affected sperm.

  9. Infertility: Thinking About Adoption - Topic Overview

    You may wish to consider adoption as an alternative to treatment for infertility. Learning more about the tests,exams,success rates,and costs of infertility treatment may help you decide. Adoption provides people with an opportunity to raise and nurture a child. In recent years,the increased availability of infants and children from outside the United States has increased the chances of a ...

  10. Infertility: Problems With Fallopian Tubes - Topic Overview

    Problems with the fallopian tubes are a leading cause of infertility in women. Tubal blockage may be caused by: Previous infection (most often a sexually transmitted disease ; sometimes associated with a ruptured appendix ). Tubal ligation for sterilization or other types of surgery. Endometriosis,a common cause of infertility. Scarring of fallopian tubes associated with previous pelvic ...

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