Age Matters for In Vitro Fertilization Success
Younger Women More Likely to Have Success With In Vitro Fertilization
Jan. 7, 2005 -- The younger a woman is, the more likely she will be successful giving birth to a child using in vitro fertilization (IVF).
CDC researchers found women in their 20s and early 30s had the most success in getting pregnant and having a child using assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes all forms of infertility treatment in which both the egg and sperm are handled in a laboratory. Most assisted reproductive technology procedures involve in vitro fertilization in which the egg and sperm are fertilized in a laboratory and then fertilized eggs are inserted into a woman's uterus.
"Women in their 20s and early 30s who used ART had the most success with pregnancies, and single live births. However, success rates declined steadily once a woman reached her mid-30s," says researcher Victoria Wright, a public health analyst at the CDC, in a news release. "This is a reminder that age remains a primary factor with respect to pregnancy success and younger women have greater success than older women, even with technology."
Age Major Factor in Infertility Treatment Success
In their report, CDC researchers analyzed information on assisted reproductive technology success rates in 2002 from 391 fertility clinics throughout the U.S.
They found 37% of women under age 35 who used their own eggs successfully got pregnant and gave birth to a child. But the percentage of births decreased to 31% among women aged 35-37, 21% among women aged 38-40, 11% among women aged 41-42, and 4% among women over age 42.
The report also shows that more than 45,000 babies were born in the U.S. with the help of in vitro fertilization and other forms of assisted productive technology, which is an increase from the 40,687 babies in 2001.
There were also more ART procedures performed in 2002: 115,392 compared with 107,587 in 2001.
Overall the report showed that 28.3% of in vitro fertilization and other ART procedures resulted in the birth of a baby for women who used their own freshly fertilized eggs. That represents a slight increase in success rates compared with 2001 (27%).