Obese Couples Risk Lower Fertility
Study Shows Weight of Both Partners May Affect Conception
WebMD News Archive
March 7, 2007 -- A couple trying to conceive may face an extra challenge
when both the man and the woman are overweight or obese, new research
Compared with normal-weight couples, obese couples participating in a Danish
study were almost three times as likely to take more than a year to achieve a
Previous studies have shown that weight can affect fertility in women, but
the Danish study is the first to examine the impact of overweight or obesity in
The findings strongly suggest, but do not prove, a causal association
between excess weight in both partners and decreased fertility, researcher
Cecilia Ramlau-Hansen tells WebMD.
“Because of the study design we cannot say for a fact that it is extra body
fat that makes people less fertile, but it certainly appears that this is the
case,” she says. “If a couple is overweight and wants to have a child it may be
beneficial for both partners to attempt weight loss.”
Weight Loss Reduced Time to Conception
The researchers analyzed data from 47,835 couples who participated in a
nationwide study of pregnancy outcomes in Denmark. Women in the study completed
four interviews over a period of two years, giving information for both
themselves and their partners on weight, height, previous pregnancies, smoking,
and socioeconomic status.
The findings are published in the March issue of the journal Human
A total of 8.2% of the women, 6.8% of the men, and 1.4% of the couples in
the study were obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more.
BMI looks at weight in relation to height and is used as an indicator of body
As measured by BMI, a 5-foot-2-inch person who weighs 165 pounds or more is
considered obese, as is a 6-foot-tall person who weighs 220 or more.
Just over half of the men and two-thirds of the women in the study were
Ramlau-Hansen and colleagues from Denmark’s University of Aarhus evaluated
the time it took the couples to become pregnant. Sub-fertility was defined as
failure to conceive for at least a year after initiating unprotected sex with
the goal of conceiving.
Obese women had a 78% greater risk of being sub-fertile than normal-weight
women, and obese men had a 49% increased risk for sub-fertility than
The risk of taking more than a year to achieve a pregnancy was 2.74 times
higher when both partners were obese than for a normal-weight couple.
The researchers further examined 2,374 couples who had more than one
pregnancy. When they converted the length of time that it took the women to get
pregnant into days, they concluded that for overweight or obese women, every
2.2 pounds of weight loss reduced the time to conception by an average of 5.5