Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Infertility & Reproduction Health Center

Font Size

Obese Couples Risk Lower Fertility

Study Shows Weight of Both Partners May Affect Conception
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

March 7, 2007 -- A couple trying to conceive may face an extra challenge when both the man and the woman are overweight or obese, new research suggests.

Compared with normal-weight couples, obese couples participating in a Danish study were almost three times as likely to take more than a year to achieve a pregnancy.

Previous studies have shown that weight can affect fertility in women, but the Danish study is the first to examine the impact of overweight or obesity in couples.

The findings strongly suggest, but do not prove, a causal association between excess weight in both partners and decreased fertility, researcher Cecilia Ramlau-Hansen tells WebMD.

“Because of the study design we cannot say for a fact that it is extra body fat that makes people less fertile, but it certainly appears that this is the case,” she says. “If a couple is overweight and wants to have a child it may be beneficial for both partners to attempt weight loss.”

Weight Loss Reduced Time to Conception

The researchers analyzed data from 47,835 couples who participated in a nationwide study of pregnancy outcomes in Denmark. Women in the study completed four interviews over a period of two years, giving information for both themselves and their partners on weight, height, previous pregnancies, smoking, and socioeconomic status.

The findings are published in the March issue of the journal Human Reproduction.

A total of 8.2% of the women, 6.8% of the men, and 1.4% of the couples in the study were obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI looks at weight in relation to height and is used as an indicator of body fat.

As measured by BMI, a 5-foot-2-inch person who weighs 165 pounds or more is considered obese, as is a 6-foot-tall person who weighs 220 or more.

Just over half of the men and two-thirds of the women in the study were normal weight.

Ramlau-Hansen and colleagues from Denmark’s University of Aarhus evaluated the time it took the couples to become pregnant. Sub-fertility was defined as failure to conceive for at least a year after initiating unprotected sex with the goal of conceiving.

Today on WebMD

Four pregnant women standing in a row
How much do you know about conception?
Couple with surrogate mother
Which one is right for you?
couple lying in grass holding hands
Why Dad's health matters.
couple viewing positive pregnancy test
6 ways to improve your chances.
Which Treatment Is Right For You
Conception Myths
eddleman prepare your body pregnancy
Charting Your Fertility Cycle
Fertility Specialist
Understanding Fertility Symptoms
invitro fertilization