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Infertility: Problems With the Uterus and Cervix - Topic Overview

Problems with a woman's uterus and/or cervix may be caused by many things. Causes include:

  • Abnormalities of the uterus. These may have been present from birth.
  • A past surgery or procedure, such as a cervical cone biopsy or a dilation and curettage (D&C). These may decrease fertility if the procedures have damaged the cervix or uterine lining. (This is rare.)
  • Exposure to certain drugs before birth, such as DES. These may cause deformities of the uterus, resulting in infertility.
  • Abnormalities in a woman's cervical mucus. These may affect the movement of sperm through the vagina and cervix.
  • Antibodies to sperm present in a woman's cervical mucus. These may kill the sperm or affect their ability to move normally.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: September 30, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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