What are infertility tests?
Infertility tests are
done to help find out why a woman cannot become pregnant. The tests help find
whether the problem is with the man, the woman, or both. Tests usually include
a physical exam,
semen analysis, blood tests, and special procedures.
See pictures of the
male reproductive system and the
female reproductive system .
Should I be tested?
Before you have infertility
fertility awareness methods to find the best time to
become pregnant. A woman is most fertile during
ovulation and 1 to 2 days before ovulation. Some
couples find that they have been missing the most fertile days when trying to
become pregnant. A woman should keep a record of her menstrual cycle and when
she ovulates. This record will help your doctor if you decide to have
infertility tests. For more information, see the topic
tests for you or your partner if:
- There is a physical problem, such as not
being able to release sperm (ejaculate) or not ovulating or having irregular
- You are in your mid-30s or older, have not used
birth control for 6 months, and have not been able to become
- You are in your 20s or early 30s, have not used birth
control for a year or more, and have not been able to become pregnant.
- Fertility Problems: Should I Be Tested?
How do infertility tests feel?
Some tests, such as
a semen analysis, physical exam, and blood tests, do not cause pain. But
some procedures, such as an endometrial
laparoscopy, or a
hysterosalpingogram, may cause some pain.
Do the tests cost a lot?
Infertility tests can
cost a lot and cause stress. You and your partner will need to keep track of
the frequency of sexual intercourse and talk about this with your
Before you have infertility tests, talk with your partner
about how much testing you want to do. Sometimes you may not find out what
causes infertility even after many tests. So it is important to know how many
tests you want to try.
What are the risks of infertility tests?
tests, such as semen analysis, blood tests, or an
ultrasound, do not usually cause any problems. Other
tests that are medical procedures, such as
hysteroscopy or laparoscopy, have a higher chance of
problems after the test.
Where are infertility tests done?
tests, including the physical exam, medical history, and blood tests,
can be done in your doctor's office or clinic by an
reproductive endocrinologist. Your
family medicine physician may do some of the first
tests. Tests on a man may be done by a
urologist. Some medical procedures are done in an