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Infertility Tests - Overview

What if the first tests do not find a cause?

If the first tests do not find a cause for infertility, the woman may have one or more of the following tests.

Tests for women to find the cause of infertility
Test Description

Pelvic ultrasound

A pelvic ultrasound looks at the size and structure of the uterus and both ovaries. It can also check the condition and size of the ovaries during treatment for infertility. For more information, see the topic Pelvic Ultrasound.


A hysterosalpingogram is an X-ray test that looks at the inside of the uterus and the fallopian tubes. The pictures can show a blockage of the fallopian tubes that would prevent an egg from reaching the uterus or prevent sperm from moving into a fallopian tube to join (fertilize) an egg. This test may also see problems on the inside of the uterus that might prevent a fertilized egg from attaching (implanting) to it. For more information, see the topic Hysterosalpingogram.


A sonohysterogram is an ultrasound test that uses saline and ultrasound to look at the female reproductive organs.

Endometrial biopsy

An endometrial biopsy is done to take out a small piece of the uterine lining (endometrium) to see whether the lining has normal changes during the menstrual cycle. For more information, see the topic Endometrial Biopsy.


Laparoscopy is a procedure to look at a woman's pelvic organs (uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries) using a thin, lighted scope that is put through a small cut (incision) in the belly. This procedure is used to find cysts, scar tissue (adhesions), fibroids, and infections that can affect fertility. Laparoscopy can also be used to treat conditions, such as endometriosis. Laparoscopy is usually done with general anesthesia. For more information, see the topic Laparoscopy.


WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: May 10, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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