Kidney Stones - Treatment Overview
For small stones, most people don't need any treatment other than taking pain medicine
and drinking enough fluids.
Treatment for your first stone
If your doctor
thinks the stone can pass on its own, and if you feel you can deal with the pain,
he or she may suggest home treatment, including:
Using pain medicine. Nonprescription medicine, such as
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may relieve
your pain. Your doctor can prescribe stronger pain medicine if
Drinking enough fluids. You'll need to keep drinking water
and other fluids when you are passing a kidney stone.
Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help your body pass
To learn more, see Medications.
If your pain is too
severe, if the stones are blocking the
urinary tract , or if you also have an infection, your doctor will probably
suggest a medical procedure, such as lithotripsy, or surgery to deal with the stone. For more information, see Other Treatment and Surgery.
Kidney Stones: Should I Have Lithotripsy to Break Up the Stone?
Preventing future stones
After you have had a
kidney stone, you are more likely to have one again. Almost half of all people
who have a stone will have more stones within 7 years unless they take
You may be able to prevent
getting more kidney stones by drinking more fluids and making changes in your
diet. Talk with your doctor or a dietitian if you need help with your diet. If you have risk factors (things that put you at risk) for having more stones, such as a family history
of stones, your doctor may suggest medicines that help prevent stones from
Kidney Stones: Preventing Kidney Stones Through Diet
What to think about
may need more treatment for your kidney stones if you have continuing
- A lot of urinary tract
- Decreased kidney function.
- A single
impaired immune system.
- Have had a kidney