If you've had a kidney stone once, you're at an increased risk for another one. A urologist is frequently involved in deciding whether you'll need an extensive medical evaluation, including testing the amounts of various minerals in your urine, to assess further risks of stone formation.
If your kidney stone is small, it may pass out of your body on its own within a few days or weeks. Your health care provider will likely ask you to drink lots of water -- 2 to 3 quarts a day -- and prescribe a pain...
All or some of the following questions may be asked at your initial
and follow-up exams.
How much fluid do you drink? Do you drink a lot of water? The
most common cause of kidney stones is not drinking enough water.
you drink grapefruit juice? Drinking grapefruit juice may increase your risk
for kidney stones.
How active are you? Do you get a lot
of exercise or play sports? Do you have a job where you are active, or where
you are sitting? People who are not physically active are more likely to
develop kidney stones. If you do exercise and sweat a lot but do not drink
fluids to replace the lost fluid, you may also be more likely to develop
What types of foods do you eat? A diet that makes you more
likely to develop stones includes:
Foods high in
oxalate, such as dark green vegetables, chocolate,
A complete medical history and physical exam will help your doctor
find out if you currently have a kidney stone and if you are likely to have one
Your answers to the lifestyle and medical questions will help your
doctor find out if you currently have a kidney stone and if you are likely to
have one again.
Physical symptoms that indicate that you may have a kidney stone
Intense pain in the
side, abdomen, groin, or genitals.
Frequent and painful urination.
A urinary tract infection may also be present.
What To Think About
Although your doctor may decide you have kidney stones based on
your medical history and physical exam, he or she may also do lab tests such as
urine culture. Your doctor may start treatment before
these tests are done or you know the results.
If you have a family history of kidney stones or pass more than one
stone, your doctor may do more tests to find out the type of stone.