Kidney stones may stay in the kidney or travel out of the body through the urinary tract-the tubes that connect the kidney to the bladder (ureters) and lead outside the body (urethra). Their movement may cause: No symptoms, if the stone is small enough. S
Kidney stones may form when the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other substances found in urine changes. How this balance changes determines the type of kidney stone you have. Most kidney stones are calcium - type-they form when the calcium
A kidney stone begins as a tiny piece of mineral in the kidney. When the urine leaves the kidney, it may carry the mineral out, or the mineral may stay in the kidney. If the piece of mineral stays in the kidney, over time more small pieces of mineral join
The retrograde pyelogram uses a dye to determine whether a kidney stone or something else is blocking your urinary tract. During the test, your doctor will insert a thin, lighted tube (cystoscope) into the urethra, which carries urine out of the body from the bladder. He or she will then put a catheter through the cystoscope and into a ureter, which carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. ..
If you have kidney stones, your doctor or dietitian may talk with you about an eating plan to help prevent new stones. The most common types of kidney stones are calcium and oxalate. Each type may require a different eating plan. There are certain foods you can have, and other foods you should avoid, to reduce the chance that you will get kidney stones again.
The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located within the thyroid gland in the neck. They produce parathyroid hormone,which helps control the amount of calcium in the blood. If your parathyroid gland is too big (enlarged),it can cause your body to produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism),which may lead to too much calcium in the urine. This makes it more likely you ...