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    Kidney Stones Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Kidney Stones

    1. Retrograde Pyelogram for Kidney Stones

      The retrograde pyelogram uses a dye to determine whether a kidney stone or something else is blocking your urinary tract. During the test, your doctor will insert a thin, lighted tube (cystoscope) into the urethra, which carries urine out of the body from the bladder. He or she will then put a catheter through the cystoscope and into a ureter, which carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. ..

    2. Kidney Stones - Cause

      Kidney stones may form when the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other substances found in urine changes. How this balance changes determines the type of kidney stone you have. Most kidney stones are calcium - type-they form when the calcium

    3. Types of Kidney Stones - Topic Overview

      There are four main types of kidney stones. Calcium stones Nearly 80 out of 100 kidney stones (80%) are made of calcium compounds,especially calcium oxalate. 1 Calcium phosphate and other minerals also may be present. Conditions that cause high calcium levels in the body,such as hyperparathyroidism,increase the risk of calcium stones. High levels of oxalate also increase the risk for ...

    4. Foods High in Oxalate - Topic Overview

      Oxalate is a compound found in some foods,and it is also produced as a waste product by the body. It exits the body through the urine. Too much oxalate may cause kidney stones in some people. Foods high in oxalate include: Beans. Beer. Beets. Berries. Chocolate. Coffee. Cranberries. Dark green vegetables,such as spinach. Nuts. Oranges. Rhubarb. Soda (cola). Sweet potatoes. Tea. ...

    5. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Nephrolithotripsy for Kidney Stones

      In percutaneous nephrolithotomy or nephrolithotripsy, the surgeon makes a small incision in your back to remove kidney stones. He or she then puts a hollow tube into your kidney and a probe through the tube. In nephrolithotomy, the surgeon removes the stone through the tube. In nephrolithotripsy, he or she breaks the stone up and then removes the fragments of the stone through the tube.See an ...

    6. Kidney Stones - Home Treatment

      Get tips on helps a kidney stone pass, including drinking plenty of fluids and taking pain medicine.

    7. Kidney Stones - Other Treatment

      If your pain is too great, the kidney stone is blocking the urinary system, or you also have an infection, your doctor will probably suggest medical treatment.

    8. Kidney Stones - Topic Overview

      Learn about kidney stones, how they form, and what happens to them in your urinary tract.

    9. Foods High in Oxalate - Topic Overview

      Some medicines make it more likely that you will develop a specific type of kidney stone. Calcium stones Medicines that make you more likely to develop calcium stones include: Loop diuretics,such as furosemide and acetazolamide. Some antacids. Glucocorticoids,such as dexamethasone. Theophylline. Vitamins C and D can increase your risk of calcium stones when you take more than the daily ...

    10. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) for Kidney Stones

      Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses sound waves (also called shock waves) to break a kidney stone into small pieces that can more easily travel through the urinary tract and pass from the body. See an illustration of ESWL.You lie on a water - filled cushion, and the surgeon uses X - rays or ultrasound tests to precisely locate the stone. High - energy sound waves pass through your bo

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