Lung cancer is responsible for the most cancer-related deaths for both men and women throughout the world. The American Cancer Society estimates that 223,500 new cases of lung cancer in the U.S. will be diagnosed and 165,000 deaths due to lung cancer will occur in 2012.
Lung cancer was not common prior to the 1930s but increased dramatically over the following decades as tobacco smoking increased. In many developing countries, the incidence of lung cancer is beginning to fall following public education about the dangers of cigarette smoking and effective smoking cessation programs. Nevertheless, lung cancer remains the most common form of cancer in men worldwide and the fifth most common form of cancer in women.
Standard Treatment Options for Patients With Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
Standard treatment options for patients with extensive-stage SCLC include the following:
Prophylactic cranial irradiation.
Chemotherapy for patients with extensive-stage disease (ED) SCLC is commonly given as a two-drug combination of platinum and etoposide in doses associated with at least moderate toxic effects...