Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Small Cell Lung Cancer
For more information from the National Cancer Institute about small cell lung cancer,see the following: Lung Cancer Home Page What You Need to Know About™ Lung Cancer Lung Cancer Prevention Lung Cancer Screening Smoking and Cancer Home Page (Includes help with quitting) Secondhand Smoke: Questions and Answers For general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute,...
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage 0 NSCLC Treatment
Stage 0 NSCLC frequently progresses to invasive cancer.[1,2,3] Patients may be offered surveillance bronchoscopies and, if lesions are detected, potentially curative therapies.Standard Treatment Options for Stage 0 NSCLCStandard treatment options for stage 0 NSCLC include the following:Surgery.Endobronchial therapies, including photodynamic therapy, electrocautery, cryotherapy, and Nd-YAG laser therapy.SurgerySegmentectomy or wedge resection are used to preserve maximum normal pulmonary tissue since patients with stage 0 NSCLC are at a high risk for second lung cancers. Because these tumors are by definition noninvasive and incapable of metastasizing, they should be curable with surgical resection; however, such lesions, when identified, are often centrally located and may require a lobectomy. Endobronchial therapiesPatients with central lesions may be candidates for curative endobronchial therapy. Endobronchial therapies that preserve lung function include photodynamic therapy,
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview
Standard treatment for all but localized mesothelioma is generally not curative. Although some patients will experience long-term survival with aggressive treatment approaches,it remains unclear if overall survival has been significantly altered by the different treatment modalities or by combinations of modalities. Extrapleural pneumonectomy in selected patients with early stage disease may ...
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Occult NSCLC Treatment
In occult lung cancer,a diagnostic evaluation often includes chest x-ray and selective bronchoscopy with close follow-up (e.g.,computed tomography scan),when needed,to define the site and nature of the primary tumor; tumors discovered in this fashion are generally early stage and curable by surgery. After discovery of the primary tumor,treatment involves establishing the stage of the tumor. ...
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage Information for Malignant Mesothelioma
Patients with stage I disease have a significantly better prognosis than those with more advanced stages. Because of the relative rarity of this disease,exact survival information based upon stage is limited.[ 1 ] Definitions of TNM The American Joint Committee on Cancer has designated staging by TNM classification to define malignant mesothelioma.[ 2 ] International Mesothelioma Interest Group ...
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062895-nci-header
This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment
Lung Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (03 / 01 / 2013)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Description of the EvidenceUpdated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IIIB NSCLC Treatment
Based on the Surveillance,Epidemiology,and End Registry,the estimated incidence of stage IIIB NSCLC is 17.6%.[ 1 ] The anticipated 5-year survival for the vast majority of patients who present with clinical stage IIIB NSCLC is 3% to 7%.[ 2 ] In small case series,selected patients with T4,N0-1 disease,solely as the result of satellite tumor nodule(s) within the primary lobe,have been ...
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Advanced Malignant Mesothelioma (Stages II, III, and IV)
STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Symptomatic treatment to include drainage of effusions,chest tube pleurodesis,or thoracoscopic pleurodesis.[ 1 ] Palliative surgical resection in selected patients.[ 2,3 ] Palliative radiation therapy.[ 4,5 ] Single-agent chemotherapy. Partial responses have been reported with doxorubicin,epirubicin,mitomycin,cyclophosphamide,cisplatin,carboplatin,and ...
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Localized Malignant Mesothelioma (Stage I)
STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS:[ 1 ] Solitary mesotheliomas: Surgical resection en bloc including contiguous structures to ensure wide disease-free margins. Sessile polypoid lesions should be treated with surgical resection to ensure maximal potential for cure.[ 2 ] Intracavitary mesothelioma: Palliative surgery (i.e.,pleurectomy and decortication) with or without postoperative radiation therapy. ..